Prelude to the American Civil War



Locations
Participants

Timeline

Y/M/D Description Place
1860/01/20 Alabama Ordinance of Secession document written William Lowndes Yancey Law Office, Montgomery
1860/12/00 Chesterfield County, a proponent of succession, sends John A Inglis and two other delegates to the South Carolina Convention in December, 1860. Chaired by John Inglis the seven man Ordinance Committee meets at Inglis House (c 1800) 226 3rd St, Cheraw, SC. Cheraw Historic District, Cheraw
1860/12/20 Chaired by John Auchincloss Inglis and drafted by a seven man Ordinance Committee, South Carolina's Ordinance of Secession passes on a vote of 169-0 to succeed from the United States First Baptist Church, Columbia
1860/12/26 Major Robert Anderson's command of Federal troops abandon Fort Moultrie and fall back to Fort Sumter. Fort Moultrie, Sullivan's Island
1860/12/27 CO Meade declines Confederate Gen James J Pettigrew's offer of parole and moves his garrison to Fort Sumter. Castle Pinckney, Charleston
1860/12/30 The Union's Charleston Arsenal falls to South Carolina militia. Porter Military Academy, Charleston
1861/01/08 Louisiana governor, Thomas Overton Moore, orders the Louisiana militia to seize the Federal arsenal at Baton Rouge, Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip, Fort Pike, the New Orleans Barracks and Fort Macomb. Jackson Barracks, New Orleans
1861/01/08 Louisiana governor, Thomas Overton Moore, orders the Louisiana militia to seize the Federal arsenal at Baton Rouge, Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip, Fort Pike, the New Orleans Barracks and Fort Macomb. Fort Pike, New Orleans
1861/01/08 Louisiana governor, Thomas Overton Moore, orders the Louisiana militia to seize the Federal arsenal at Baton Rouge, Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip, Fort Pike, the New Orleans Barracks and Fort Macomb. Fort St Philip, Triumph
1861/01/08 Louisiana governor, Thomas Overton Moore, orders the Louisiana militia to seize the Federal arsenal at Baton Rouge, Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip, Fort Pike, the New Orleans Barracks and Fort Macomb. Fort Macomb, New Orleans
1861/01/08 Louisiana governor, Thomas Overton Moore, orders the Louisiana militia to seize the Federal arsenal at Baton Rouge, Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip, Fort Pike, the New Orleans Barracks and Fort Macomb. Fort Jackson, Triumph
1861/01/09 Citadel cadets fire the first shots of the American Civil War at the Union relief ship, STAR OF THE WEST, as it approaches Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter National Monument, Charleston
1861/01/09 Citadel cadets fire the first shots of the American Civil War at the Union relief ship, STAR OF THE WEST, as it approaches Fort Sumter. South Carolina State Arsenal, Charleston
1861/01/19 Georgia's Secession Convention votes to seceded from the Union. Old State Capitol, Milledgeville
1861/02/04 More than 100 politicians from the southern United States meet in Washington to prevent slave states from seceding from the Union. Willard Hotel, Washington, DC
1861/02/13 1861 Virginia Convention convenes at Mechanics Institute (9th St at Bank St, it became headquarters for the Confederate War and Navy Depts with an office for R E Lee, burned in evacuation fire) Richmond, Virginia. They would vote to leave the Union. Richmond, Virginia
1861/04/12 Confederate artillery bombard Fort Sumter, April 12-14, 1861. Richard Meade commands an artillery gun crew defending Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter National Monument, Charleston
1861/04/17 1861 Virginia Convention passes the Ordinance of Secession by a vote of 88 to 55, 32 NO votes are by trans-Allegheny (future West Virginia) delegates Virginia State Capitol, Richmond
1861/04/18 In the office, just inside the Blair House front door, Francis P Blair, acting on Lincoln's orders, offers Colonel of the 2nd Cavalry, Robert E Lee command of the Union Army. Lee declined. Blair House, Washington, DC
1861/04/27 Virginia offers to join the Confederate States of America with Richmond as its capital.

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