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Armenia

  • Demonym: Armenian

  • Type: Nation


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Armenia
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots
Garni Place
Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley

Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
0301/00/00 Armenia adopts Christianity as its official religion

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Apricot Fruit Apricots have been cultivated in Armenia since ancient times.
Harissa Aromatic
Lavash



Information »

Location

Southwestern Asia, between Turkey (to the west) and Azerbaijan - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Armenia:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 94


History »

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in at least 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey closed the common border with Armenia in 1994 in support of Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia over control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas, further hampering Armenian economic growth. In 2009, senior Armenian leaders began pursuing rapprochement with Turkey, aiming to secure an opening of the border, but Turkey has not yet ratified the Protocols normalizing relations between the two countries. - The World Factbook


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