Highlights

City

Island

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Chile
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Antuco Volcano
Atacama Desert Physiographic Section
Atacama Salt Flat
Balmaceda Glacier
Cerro Paranal Place
Churches of Chiloe
Easter Island Island
Fjordland Fjord
Humberstone Place
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works
Isla Negra Place
Juan Fernandez Islands Place
Laguna San Rafael
Lake Chungara
Malalcahuello Natural Reserve
Salar de Surire
Salto Grande Waterfall
San Pedro de Atacama Place
Santiago de Chile Place
Sewell Mining Town
Tatio Geysers
Torres del Paine National Park
Valley of the Moon Hike
Valparaiso City

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Empanada
Hallulla
Marraqueta
Pastel de Choclo
Pisco Pisco brandy is produced in winemaking regions of Peru and Chile



Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Beagle Channel Strait
Lake Chungara

Information »

Location

Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Chile:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Demonym: Chilean
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 21


History »

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the indigenous Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche Indians were brought under central government control. After a series of elected governments, the three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

WorkTypeAsNotedInCreatorNote
Friday, or, The Other Island Book Michel Tournier Friday, or, The Other Island is Set near the Juan Fernandez Islands, 1759
Of Love and Shadows Book Isabel Allende
Robinson Crusoe Book Daniel DeFoe Robinson Crusoe is set near the Juan Fernandez Islands, 1759
Savage Detectives Book Roberto Bolano
The House of Spirits Book Isabel Allende

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