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Taiwan

  • Also Known As: Taiwan, Province Of China

  • Official Name: Republic of China
  • Type: Nation


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Taiwan
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Taroko Gorge Canyon

Eat and Drink »

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Beef Noodle Soup



Information »

Location

Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Taiwan:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 35


History »

In 1895, military defeat forced China's Qing Dynasty to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan came under Chinese Nationalist control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Beginning in the 1950s, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. This process expanded rapidly in the 1980s. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

WorkTypeAsNotedInCreatorNote
A Brighter Summer Day Film Edward Yang "A Brighter Summer Day" is set in Taipei, 1960s

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