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Colombia
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Amacayacu National Park
Bogota Place
Cartagena City
Choco Forest
Ciudad Perdida
Ciudad Perdida Trek Hike
Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia
Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox
Los Katios National Park
Los Nevados National Park
Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary
National Archeological Park of Tierradentro
San Agustin Place
San Agustin Archaeological Park
Sierra Nevada del Cocuy National Park
St Marta Place
Tayrona National Park Coastal Environ
Zipaquira Place

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Arepa Arepa is popular cornmeal snack in Colombia and Venezuela.
Bandeja Paisa



Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Mountain Range

Information »

Location

Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Colombia:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Demonym: Colombian
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 94


History »

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A four-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government, but continue attacks against civilians. Large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. In October 2012, the Colombian Government started formal peace negotiations with the FARC aimed at reaching a definitive bilateral ceasefire and incorporating demobilized FARC members into mainstream society and politics. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. Despite decades of internal conflict and drug related security challenges, Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections, and the protection of civil liberties. - The World Factbook


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