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Alejandro de Humboldt National Park
Baconao Park
Bellamar Caves Natural Cave
Camaguey City
Desembarco del Granma National Park
El Nicho Falls Waterfall
Gran Caverna de Santo Tomas Natural Cave
Havana City
Santa Clara Place
Santiago de Cuba City
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios
Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos
Vinales Valley Canyon

Geography »

Physiographic feature Island

Information »


Island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Cuba:
Food Attribute Cuban Food
Locale Type Nation

Demonym: Cuban
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 63

History »

The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from the US in 1902 after which the island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990 following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually. Cuba at times portrays the US embargo, in place since 1961, as the source if its difficulties. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard intercepted some 1,000 individuals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in fiscal year 2011. - The World Factbook

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