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Iceland


  • Type: Nation


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Iceland
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Dettifoss
Fimmvorduhals Hike
Geysir and Strokkur
Grindavik Place
Heimaey
Hverfjall Crater
Laugavegurinn Hiking Trail Hike
Reykjavik City
Surtsey Island
Svartifoss
Vatnajokull and Grimsvotn Volcano

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Cod Fish
Flatkaka
Hakarl



Geography »

Physiography
Physiographic feature Island

Information »

Location

Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the United Kingdom - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Iceland:
Locale Type Nation
Tectonic plate North American Plate

Data
Demonym: Icelandic
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 12


History »

Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Denmark granted limited home rule in 1874 and complete independence in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008. Literacy, longevity, and social cohesion are first rate by world standards. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

WorkTypeAsNotedInCreatorNote
Independent People Book Halldor Laxness

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