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Mali

  • Demonym: Malian

  • Type: Nation


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Mali
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons)
Djenne Town
Inner Niger Delta
Timbuktu
Tomb of Askia

Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1991/00/00 Miquel Barcelo Artist In early 1991, Miquel Barcelo spends a month traveling 1,400 kms of the Niger between Segou and Gao in a pirogue, a long narrow canoe, with Bozo fishermen sketching and collating material of the fishing culture of the River Niger Sailing Against the Current

Physiographic

PhysiographicTypeAsNotedIn
Inner Niger Delta

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Ngome



Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Inner Niger Delta
River Niger River

Information »

Location

Interior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Mali:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 115


History »

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup that ushered in a period of democratic rule. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first two democratic presidential elections in 1992 and 1997. In keeping with Mali's two-term constitutional limit, he stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was elected to a second term in 2007 elections that were widely judged to be free and fair.?Malian returnees from Libya in 2011 exacerbated tensions in northern Mali and Tuareg ethnic militias started a rebellion in January 2012. Low-mid level soldiers, frustrated with the poor handling of the rebellion overthrew TOURE on 22 March. Coup leader Capt. Amadou Haya SANOGO and his junta under the mediation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) returned power to a civilian administration in April with the appointment of interim President Dioncounda TRAORE. Interim Prime Minister Chieck Modibo DIARRA immediately appointed a unity cabinet. The post-coup chaos led to rebels expelling the Malian military from the three northern regions of the country, which remain under the control of a Tuareg militia, Ansar al-Din, and its terrorist group allies. Hundreds of thousands of northern Malians fled the violence to southern Mali and neighboring countries, exacerbating regional food insecurity in host communities. TRAORE was attacked by an angry mob in May and spent two months recovering in Paris, he returned in July. TRAORE and DIARRA announced a second unity government in August and in September called upon the international community to assist them in reclaiming land lost to rebels. SANOGO forced DIARRA to resign in December 2012; Django CISSOKO immediately replaced him and announced a third unity cabinet. The interim government is working with ECOWAS to organize negotiations with Tuareg rebels and the international community to plan a military intervention to retake the three northern regions. - The World Factbook


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