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New Caledonia
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems
Noumea Place

Information »

Location

Islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for New Caledonia:
Locale Type French Overseas Collectivity
Historic Use Natural Feature
Sight Category Terrestrial Feature



History »

Settled by both Britain and France during the first half of the 19th century, the island was made a French possession in 1853. It served as a penal colony for four decades after 1864. Agitation for independence during the 1980s and early 1990s ended in the 1998 Noumea Accord, which over a period of 15 to 20 years will transfer an increasing amount of governing responsibility from France to New Caledonia. The agreement also commits France to conduct a referendum between 2014 and 2018 to decide whether New Caledonia should assume full sovereignty and independence. - The World Factbook


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