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Turkey


  • Type: Nation


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Turkey
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Ani Place
Ankara Place
Archaeological Site of Troy
Cappadocia
Caves of the Taurus Mountains Natural Cave
City of Safranbolu
Didim Place
Edirne Place
Gallipoli Peninsula Place
Goreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divrigi
Hattusha: the Hittite Capital
Hierapolis-Pamukkale
Istanbul City
Karapinar Crater Lakes
Kayseri Place
Konya City
Mount Ararat
Nemrut Dag
Neolithic Site of catalhoyuk
Pamukkale Springs
Saklikent Gorge Canyon
Selcuk Place
Tortum
Valla Canyon Canyon
Xanthos-Letoon

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Bazlama
Cherry Fruit
Doner Kebab
Pogaca



Information »

Location

Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (portion west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Turkey:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Demonym: Turkish
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 64


Themes »

History »

Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - now known as the Kurdistan People's Congress or Kongra-Gel (KGK) - has dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 30,000 lives. After the capture of the group's leader in 1999, the insurgents largely withdrew from Turkey mainly to northern Iraq. In 2004, KGK announced an end to its ceasefire and attacks attributed to the KGK increased. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community. Over the past decade, it has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy; it began accession membership talks with the European Union in 2005. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

WorkTypeAsNotedInCreatorNote
Gallipoli Film Peter Weir "Gallipoli" is set on the Anzac battlefield at Gallipoli, Battle of the Nek, 7 August 1915
Life is a Caravanserai Book Emine Ozdamar
Skyfall Film "Skyfall" was filmed on the Varda Viaduct, Hacikiri (Kiralan) village in Karaisali district of Adana Province, southern Turkey
Snow Book Orhan Pamuk

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