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Egypt
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Abydos Place
Alexandria City
Aswan City
Cairo City
Dahab Town
Dahshur Historic District
Dendera Town
Edfu City
El Alamein Town
Fayyum City
Giza City
Luxor City
Memphis and its Necropolis
Mount Sinai Summit Hike
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
Saint Catherine's Monastery
Sannur Cave Natural Cave
Serapeum
Siwa Oasis
St Antony's Monastery
Taba Wildlife Reserve Wildlife Refuge
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)
White Desert

Eat and Drink »

FoodTypeDescription
FoodTypeDescription
Aish Merahrah
Anise
Falafel
Ful Medames
Sakara Gold Beer



Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Libyan Desert Desert Environ
Sahara Desert Desert Environ

Information »

Location

Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Egypt:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Demonym: Egyptian
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 94


History »

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty with the overthrow of the British-backed monarchy in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's growing population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure. Egyptian youth and opposition groups, inspired by events in Tunisia leading to overthrow of the government there, organized a "Day of Rage" campaign on 25 January 2011 (Police Day) to include non-violent demonstrations, marches, and labor strikes in Cairo and other cities throughout Egypt. Protester grievances focused on police brutality, state emergency laws, lack of free speech and elections, high unemployment, rising food prices, inflation, and low minimum wages. Within several days of the onset of protests, President MUBARAK addressed the nation pledging the formation of a new government, and in a second address he offered additional concessions, which failed to assuage protesters and resulted in an escalation of the number and intensity of demonstrations and clashes with police. On 11 February MUBARAK resigned and national leadership was assumed by a Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF). The SCAF dissolved the Egyptian parliament, suspended the nation's constitution, and formed a committee to recommend constitutional changes to facilitate a political transition through democratic elections. Following some delays, elections for a new parliament took place between November 2011 and January 2012; however the lower house of parliament was dissolved after a court ruling deemed its formation illegal in June. Presidential elections held in May and June witnessed the victory of Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohammed MURSI over former Prime Minister Ahmed SHAFIQ. A draft constitution was approved in a December 2012 referendum, and legislative elections to form a new lower house of parliament are expected in early 2013. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

WorkTypeAsNotedInCreatorNote
Death on the Nile Book
Agatha Christie "Death on the Nile" sails up river on the PS Sudan
Midaq Alley Book Naguib Mahfouz
Miramar Book Naguib Mahfouz
Rasselas Book Samuel Johnson Rasselas travels to Egypt
The English Patient Book Michael Oondaatje Set in the Cave of Swimmers
Woman at Point Zero Book Nawal El Sadaawi

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