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Uzbekistan


  • Type: Nation


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Uzbekistan
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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Historic Centre of Bukhara
Historic Centre of Shakhrisyabz
Itchan Kala
Samarkand - Crossroad of Cultures

Information »

Location

Central Asia, north of Turkmenistan, south of Kazakhstan - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Uzbekistan:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 166


History »

Russia conquered the territory of present-day Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after the Bolshevik Revolution was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic established in 1924. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land degraded and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on the cotton monoculture by diversifying agricultural production while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves and increasing its manufacturing base. Current concerns include terrorism by Islamic militants, economic stagnation, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization. - The World Factbook


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