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Howland Island


  • Type: Island

Discovered by the US early in the 19th century, the uninhabited atoll was officially claimed by the US in 1857. Both US and British companies mined for guano deposits until about 1890. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization began on this island, similar to the effort on nearby Baker Island, but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. The famed American aviatrix Amelia EARHART disappeared while seeking out Howland Island as a refueling stop during her 1937 round-the-world flight. Earhart Light is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast that was partially destroyed during World War II, but has since been rebuilt; it is named in memory of the famed aviatrix Amelia EARHART. The island was established as a NWR in 1974. The island is administered by the US Department of the Interior as a National Wildlife Refuge. - The World Factbook


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Howland Island
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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1937/07/02 Amelia Earhart Pilot Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan depart for tiny Howland Island, 2,556 miles from New Guinea. They disappeared over the Pacific Ocean. Amelia Earhart's World Flight
1937/07/02 Fred Noonan Navigator Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan depart for tiny Howland Island, 2,556 miles from New Guinea. They disappeared over the Pacific Ocean. Amelia Earhart's World Flight

Geography »

Physiography
Physiographic feature Island

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Location

Island in the North Pacific Ocean 1815 nm (3361 km) southwest of Honolulu, about half way between Hawaii and Australia? - The World Factbook


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