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Marshall Field Company Store


  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Building

Marshall Field and Company built their third permanent store in 1892 after fires damaged their first two. By 1907, through the acquisition of adjacent buildings and the construction of new ones, the department store occupied the entire block bounded by State, Washington, and Randolph Streets and Wabash Avenue in Chicago's Loop. This location was key for other businesses in the city's emerging retail district. Field himself emphasized the importance of customer service and is considered to be one of the leading figures in the development of the department store.

Still serving its original purpose, the 12-story granite building shows little exterior alteration and exhibits an interior that has retained much of it original vitality. This Commercial style building is primarily based on the designs by Daniel Burnham. The first two stories feature smooth granite pilasters that separate the bays and cover the steel support piers. An entablature with a dentilated cornice rises above the 10th floor. The 11th and 12th floors compose the crown with its recessed windows and fluted Ionic columns. These columns span both floors and support the cornice which caps the building. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1892/00/00 Daniel H Burnham Architect Marshall Field and Company build their third permanent store
1892/00/00 Marshall Field Marshall Field and Company build their third permanent store
1903/02/30 Iroquois Theatre fire victims are treated in the women's emergency room at Marshall Fields Iroquois Theatre Fire

Data »

Particulars for Marshall Field Company Store:
Sight Category Building
Architectural Style Chicago
Area of Significance Commerce
Other Description Commercial
Criteria Historic Event
Level of Significance National
Owner Private
Historic Use Retail shop



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 78001123
Resource Type:
Owner: Private
Architect: Burnham,Daniel H.
Architectural Style: Chicago, Other
Attribute: Commercial
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Commerce
Applicable Criteria: Event
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1875-1899
Significant Year: 1892
Historic Function: Commerce, Trade
Historic Sub-Function: Department store
Current Function: Commerce, Trade
Current Sub-Function: Department store

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