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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1807/00/00 William Aiken Jr Home Original portion of the William Aiken House is built in the Adam tradition at the SE corner of King St and Ann St by James Mackie. The Aiken family moves in.
1807/00/00 William Aiken Sr Home Original portion of the William Aiken House is built in the Adam tradition at the SE corner of King St and Ann St by James Mackie. The Aiken family moves in.
1811/00/00 William Aiken buys the Mackie House from the trustees of the minor James Mackie.
1827/12/19 William Aiken Sr Work The South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company is chartered under act of the South Carolina General Assembly. The company met at the home of its first president, William Aiken.
1827/12/19 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Established The South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company is chartered under act of the South Carolina General Assembly. The company met at the home of its first president, William Aiken.
1830/01/09 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Owner Construction begins on the South Carolina Canal and Railroad Company at Line Street, Charleston.
1831/06/00 Immediately after William Aiken Sr death in 1831, his Henrietta Watt, constructs the Octagonal Wing of the house with a ballroom on the second floor with elaborate ceiling ornaments and tall windows.
1850/00/00 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Owner Tower Passenger Depot and double warehouses are built between Ann and John St. Tower Depot was a head type station (trains pulled in, then backed out of the depot) which impeded train traffic and was converted into a freight depot in 1852.
1850/00/00 Edward Brickell White Architect Tower Passenger Depot and double warehouses are built between Ann and John St. Tower Depot was a head type station (trains pulled in, then backed out of the depot) which impeded train traffic and was converted into a freight depot in 1852.
1856/00/00 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Owner Deans Warehouse is built of brick with a gable roof, stepped parapets and round parapets.
1857/00/00 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Owner Line Street Car and Carpenter Shops are built as a two story brick Italianate structure.
1857/00/00 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Owner South Carolina Railroad Warehouse is built across Ann St from Camden Depot.
1886/08/31 The Octagonal Wing is seriously damaged by the Charleston Earthquake and has to be trussed. 1886 Charleston Earthquake
1910/00/00 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Owner Camden Depot, built at 25 Ann St in 1850 with additional work in 1910, features a crenelated tower portal.
1928/00/00 West Point Foundry Manufacturer Best Friend of Charleston steam locomotive replica is built by West Point Foundry, New York City. The train is located at 32 Ann St, Charleston.
1928/00/00 South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company Best Friend of Charleston steam locomotive replica is built by West Point Foundry, New York City. The train is located at 32 Ann St, Charleston.
1930/00/00 Southern Railway Company Owner Woodwork, a mantel and putty ornaments are removed from the first floor of the William Aiken Houseand are use to decorate officetheSouthern Railway'spresidential office.

Data »

Particulars for William Aiken House and Associated Railroad Structures:
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Level of Significance National
Owner Private
Area of Significance Railroad
Historic Use Secondary structure
Historic Use Single dwelling
Area of Significance Transportation
Building Type Warehouse



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 15th October 1966

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Aiken, William, House and Associated Railroad Structures
Registry Address: 456 King St.
Registry Number: 66000698
Resource Type: District
Owner: Private
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 20
Contributing Buildings: 9
Non-Contributing Buildings: 1
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark, National Landmark boundary approved
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Transportation
Applicable Criteria: Event
Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1825-1849, 1800-1824
Significant Year: c 1807, 1811, 1831
Historic Function: Domestic, Transportation, Commerce, Trade
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling, Rail-related, Secondary structure, Warehouse
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Commerce, Trade, Transportation
Current Sub-Function: Museum Professional Rail-related

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