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Augusta Canal National Heritage Area

  • NRHP name: Augusta Canal Industrial District

  • Address: 1450 Greene St
  • Vicinity: Enterprise Mill on Greene St and along the west bank of the Savannah River From the Richmond-Columbia county line to 10th and Fenwick Sts
  • Neighborhood of West End in Augusta
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

The Power of Water: Augusta Canal

Augusta Canal helped usher the Industrial Revolution into the South by harnessing Savannah River to power mills and factories, including the Confederate Powder Works. One of the only intact, functioning American 19th century industrial power canal systems and home to diverse plants and animals of the southeastern Fall Line, Augusta Canal National Heritage Area is an oasis for outdoor recreation. - NPS

Augusta Canal National Heritage Area - Historic Augusta Canal and Industrial District includes a three-level canal constructed in 1845-46 and enlarged in 1874-77. The first level reaches 8.5 miles from head gate structures in Columbia County into downtown Augusta. The second and third levels take several paths through the Downtown and the Laney-Walker Districts prior to returning to the Savannah River, for a total length of approximately 13.5 miles.

Notable structures at the upper end of the canal's first level are two head gates, the canal impoundment area, canal dam and attached fish ladder, stone quarry, and municipal raw water pumping station. The Enterprise, Blanche, Dartmouth, Sibley, and John P. King textile mills along the lower end of the first level date from the 1870s and 1880s. - NPS



Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Merchaulk family Architect


Augusta Canal Locks
Sibley Mill and Confederate Powder Works Chimney

Data »

Particulars for Augusta Canal National Heritage Area:
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Historic Use Canal Related
Area of Significance Engineering
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Industry
Owner Local
Historic Use Manufacturing facility
Level of Significance National
Owner Private
Architectural Style Romanesque Revival
Area of Significance Transportation
Historic Use Water Works
Historic Use Water-related

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 27th May 1971

Registry Name: Augusta Canal Industrial District
Registry Address: Along the west bank of the Savannah River from the Richmond-Columbia county line to 10th and Fenwick Sts.
Registry Number: 71000285
Resource Type: District
Owner: Local, Private
Architect: Multiple
Architectural Style: Romanesque
Area in Acres: 225
Contributing Buildings: 15
Contributing Structures: 2
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Industry, Transportation, Engineering
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1875-1899, 1850-1874, 1825-1849
Significant Year: 1845, 1900
Historic Function: Transportation, Industry, processing, extraction
Historic Sub-Function: Water-related, Water works, Manufacturing facility
Current Function: Transportation, Industry, processing, extraction
Current Sub-Function: Water works Water-related Manufacturing facility

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