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Bethlehem Historic District


  • Vicinity: Roughly bounded by Wrightsboro Rd, MLK Jr. Blvd., Railraod , Poplar, and Clay Sts
  • Neighborhood of Bethlehem in Augusta
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

Bethlehem Historic District is significant as an intact historically African American urban neighborhood located in the southern section of Augusta. During the 1870s, three families owned the area of the Bethlehem community: the Jacksons, Steiners, and Picquets. By 1876, all three property owners had begun to subdivide their land to accommodate new interest in settlement of the area due to its favorable location.

The Central of Georgia Railroad runs along the east side of the neighborhood and two early roads, Martin Luther King, Jr Blvd. (Milledgeville Road) and Savannah Road, merge near the center of the neighborhood. Because the district had both rail and road related transportation, industries located in the area. These industries included the Georgia-Carolina Warehouse and Compress Company, the Southeastern Compress and Warehouse Company, brick yards, lumberyards, and the Central of Georgia railroad yard. They employed those who settled in the neighborhood. The district also had a number of stores located along the intersections of major streets including grocery stores, barbershops, shoe repair shops, gas stations, and drug stores.

The district is architecturally significant for its excellent collection of historic residential, commercial, and community landmark buildings in a variety of styles - Shotgun, Folk Victorian, Colonial Revival and Craftsman. The residential housing stock was built around the roads and railroad lines. Most of the houses were small so that a large number could fit into a small area. Some of the later homes are larger. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1870/00/00

Data »

Particulars for Bethlehem Historic District:
Architectural Style American Colonial Revival
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Cultural Affiliation Black American
Area of Significance Community Planning and Development
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Historic Use Hotel
Area of Significance Landscape architecture
Level of Significance Local
Historic Use Multiple dwelling
Architectural Style Neo-Classical
Owner Private
Historic Use Religious Property
Historic Use Restaurant
Historic Use Single dwelling
Historic Use Specialty store
Architectural Style Tudor Revival



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 1st December 1997

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Bethlehem Historic District
Registry Address: Roughly bounded by Wrightsboro Rd., MLK Jr. Blvd., Railraod , Poplar, and Clay Sts.
Registry Number: 97001470
Resource Type: District
Owner: Private
Architectural Style: Colonial revival, Classical revival, Tudor revival
Area in Acres: 250
Contributing Buildings: 626
Non-Contributing Buildings: 128
Other Certification: Date received-pending nomination
Certification: Listed in the National Register
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: Local
Area of Significance: Architecture, Black, Community Planning and Development, Landscape architecture
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Significant Year: c 1870
Historic Function: Domestic, Religion, Religion, Commerce, Trade
Historic Sub-Function: Religious structure, Single dwelling, Restaurant, Specialty store, Multiple dwelling, Hotel
Current Function: Religion, Transportation, Domestic, Commerce, Trade
Current Sub-Function: Single dwelling Multiple dwelling Religious structure Specialty store Restaurant Rail-related

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