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Natchez, Mississippi, (population 18,000) is perched 200 feet above the Mississippi River on the state's highest promontory north of the Gulf of Mexico. Inhabited for centuries by prehistoric Indians and later by the Natchez Indians. Natchez was settled first by the French in 1716 - the settlement is two years older than New Orleans. Natchez was later settled by the British in 1763, the Spanish in 1779, and finally by the Americans in 1798. In 1798, Natchez became the first capital of the Mississippi Territory, and in 1817, the first capital of the new state of Mississippi. - Preserve America


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Natchez
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Places

Name of Notable Genus AsNotedIn No Address Proximity Area
Name Genus AsNotedIn Address Proximity Area
Airlie
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  • NRHP
9 Elm St
Anna Site
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  • US NHL
Address Restricted
Arlington House Natchez
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  • US NHL
Main St
Auburn
  • Activity
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  • US NHL
Duncan Park
Bedford Plantation
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NE of Natchez off US 61
Beechland
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US 61 S of Natchez off US 61
Belvidere
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70 Homochitto St
Briars
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SW of Natchez
Brumfield High School
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100 St Catherine St
Buie House
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NE of Natchez
Carmel Presbyterian Church
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Carmel Church Rd
Cedar Grove
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SE of Natchez
Cemetery Bluff District
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Cemetery Rd
Charles Patterson House
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506 S Union St
Cherry Grove Plantation
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Kingston Rd S of Natchez off Kingston Rd
China Grove Plantation
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S of Natchez
Cliffs Plantation
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S of Natchez
Clifton Heights Historic Distruct
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Roughly bounded by Ridge and Mulberry Alley, Natchez Bluff, Park Ave, and Maple St
Commercial Bank and Banker's House
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  • US NHL
206 Main St and 107 Canal St
Cottage Gardens
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816 Myrtle Ave
D'Evereux
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D'Evereaux Dr
Dixon Building
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514 Main St
Downriver Residential Historic District
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Roughly bounded by S Canal St, Orleans St, Illinois Central Gulf RR tracks, and bayou Between Union and Rankin Sts
Dr Charles H Dubs Townhouse
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311 N Pearl St
Dunleith
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  • US NHL
84 Homochitto St
Edgewood
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MS 554 N of Natchez
Elgin
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US 61 S of Natchez off US 61
Elizabeth Female Academy Site (No 101-3X)
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US 84 - US 98 E of Natchez
Elms Court
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42 John R Junkin Dr
Eola Hotel
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Main and Pearl Sts
Fair Oaks
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US 61 S of Natchez
Fairchild's Creek Bridge
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Cty Rd 555
First Presbyterian Church of Natchez
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117 S Pearl St
Foster's Mound
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NE of Natchez off US 61
Gerard Brandon IV
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708 N Union St
Glen Aubin
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US 61 Off US 61
Glen Mary Plantation and Tenant House
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Foster Mound Rd
Glenburnie
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551 John R Junkin Dr
Glencannon
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Jct of Providence Rd and Gov. Fleet Rd
Gloucester Plantation
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Lower Woodville Rd S of Natchez
Grand Village of the Natchez Indians
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  • NRHP
  • US NHL
3 mi SE of Natchez
Hawthorne Place
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  • NRHP
Lower Woodville Rd
Henderson-Britton House
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215 S Pearl St
Hillside
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Hutchins Landing Rd
Holy Family Catholic Church Historic District
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Roughly, along Aldrich, Old D'Evereux, St Catherine, Abbott and Byrne Sts
Hope Farm
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147 Homochitto St
House on Ellicott's Hill
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  • US NHL
N Canal and Jefferson Sts
Institute Hall
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111 S Pearl ST.
John Baynton House
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821 Main St
John Dicks House
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802 N Union St
Keyhole House
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1016 Main St
King's Tavern
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611 Jefferson St
Kingston Methodist Church
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SE of Natchez
Koontz House
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303 S Rankin St
Lansdowne
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Pine Ridge Rd N of Natchez
Laurel Hill Plantation
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US 61 S of Natchez off US 61
Linden
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1 Linden Pl
Lisle-Shields Town House
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701 N Union St
Longwood
  • Activity
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  • Visit
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  • US NHL
140 Lower Woodville Rd 1.5 mi SE of Natchez
Magnolia Hill
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SE of Natchez
Mazique Archeological Site
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  • NRHP
Address Restricted
Melrose
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  • NPS U
  • US NHL
Melrose Ave
Mercer House
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118 S Wall St
Mistletoe
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NE of Natchez on MS 554
Monmouth
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  • US NHL
E Franklin St and Melrose Ave
Monteigne
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Liberty Rd
Montpellier
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SE of Natchez on MS 551
Mount Olive
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NE of Natchez
Mount Repose
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MS 555 N of Natchez
Myrtle Bank
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408 N Pearl St
Natchez Bluffs and Under-the-Hill Historic District
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Bounded by S Canal St, Broadway, and Mississippi River
Natchez National Cemetery
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41 Cemetery Rd
Natchez On-Top-of-the-Hill Historic District
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US 61, US 84 and US 98
Neibert-Fisk House
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310 N Wall St
Oakland
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9 Oakhurst Dr
Oakland (Railey-Mazique House)
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Lower Woodville Rd
Oakwood
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Kingston Rd Off Kingston Rd
Patrick Murphy House
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21 Irvine Ln
Pine Ridge Church
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NE of Natchez at Pine Ridge Rd and MS 554
Pleasant Hill
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310 Pearl St
Prentiss Club
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Pearl and Jefferson Sts
Ravenna
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601 S Union St
Ravennaside
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601 S Union St
Richmond
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Government fleet Rd
Roos House
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208 Linton Ave
Rosalie
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  • NPS U
  • US NHL
100 Orleans St
Routhland
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92 Winchester Rd
Saragossa
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Saragossa Rd S of Natchez
Selma Plantation House
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467 Selma Rd
Shadyside
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107 Shadyside St
Smart-Griffin House
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180 St Catherine St
Smith-Buntura-Evans House
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107 Broadway St
Smithland
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1 mi S of Kingston-Hutchins Rd
Stanton Hall
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  • Eats
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  • Visit
  • NRHP
  • US NHL
401 High St Between Pearl St and Commerce St
Texada Tavern
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222 S Wall St
The Burn
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307 Oak St
The Elms
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215 S Pine St
The Manse
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307 S Rankin St
Tillman House
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506 High St
Traveller's Rest
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Address Restricted
Upriver Residential District
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  • NRHP
Roughly bounded by Pine, Monroe, Elm-Bishop, and Ridge-Maple Sts
Upriver Residential District - Mulberry Alley
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1 Mulberry Alley
US Marine Hospital
  • Lost
801 Maple St
Van Court Town House
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  • NRHP
510 Washington St
Weymouth Hall
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1 Cemetery Rd
White Cottage
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71 Homochitto St
William Ailes House
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657 S Canal St
William Johnson House
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  • NPS U
210 State St
Winchester House
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816 Main St
Woodlawn Historic District
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Roughly bounded by Martin Luther King St, E. Stiers and Old College Lns., Elm and Bishop Sts
Woodstock
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  • NRHP
Carmel Church Rd 12 mi SE of Natchez

Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1840/05/07 The Natchez tornado comes to shore at Natchez Landing destroying property, taking 317 lives and injuring 100s Great Natchez Tornado of 1840
1863/07/13 Union Army Belligerents Union soldiers sail down the Mississippi River from Vicksburg and land in Natchez, US troops will continue to garrison Natchez during through Reconstruction. Siege of Vicksburg
1863/08/00 The XVII Corps Division, led by Brig Gen Marcellus M Crocker, take command of Natchez.

Data »

Particulars for Natchez:
Locale Type Town



History »

Natchez

The city boomed in the first half of the 19th century, especially due to the export of tons of cotton by steamboat. Enormous fortunes were made from the area's natural resources: the land and the river. Cotton was king, and slavery was prevalent, making Natchez the home of more millionaires per capita than any city in America before the Civil War. Many of their dazzling mansions, filled with the finest furnishings, can still be seen.

Natchez is one of the first cities in the nation to successfully utilize its cultural heritage to become a tourist-driven economy. Since the 1920s, Natchez has celebrated its history through a month-long citywide celebration, the Spring Pilgrimage. Fall Pilgrimage, added in the 1970s, dedicated another month to focusing on the community's heritage, and both events attract more than 10,000 visitors each year. The city's famous homes and plantations are open for public tours, complemented by historical, architectural, cultural, and preservation-based programs and events. Evening entertainment includes a musical pageant with dancing, historic scenes, and elaborate period costumes.

In addition to the pilgrimages, the Grand Village of the Natchez Indians hosts an annual pow-wow at the historic Emerald burial mounds, drawing Native American participants and spectators from around the country. Another annual event, the Mississippi Bluff Blues Heritage Festival, draws thousands of tourists to hear music.

Both the Natchez National Historical Park and the Natchez Trace Parkway are managed by the National Park Service. The Natchez Trace Parkway commemorates the ancient Natchez Trace trail and runs 444 miles from Nashville to Natchez, terminating at the Mississippi River. It is a National Scenic Byway and an All-American Road. - Preserve America


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