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Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge

  • Type: Natural Environ



Name of Notable Genus AsNotedIn No Address Proximity Area
Name Genus AsNotedIn Address Proximity Area
Pua Akala Cabin
  • Sight
  • NRHP
Papa'ikou ahupua


Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1985/00/00 US Fish and Wildlife Service Custodian Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge was established to protect and manage endangered Hawaiian forest birds and their habitat

Geography »


Hakalau Forest NWR contains some of the finest remaining stands of native montane rain forest in Hawai'i. The slopes below 4,000 feet receive very high rainfall - 250 inches annually. Bogs, fern patches, and scrubby forest dominate this area which is dissected by numerous deep gulches. Rainfall decreases to about 150 inches at elevations above 4,500 feet, where majestic koa and red-blossomed ''a trees form a closed-canopy forest. Further upslope, above 6000 feet, rainfall decreases to 100 inches or less and native forest merges into abandoned pastureland where alien grasses and weeds, introduced as forage for cattle, are the dominant vegetation. Since 1989, over 400,000 koa, 'ohi'a, and other native plants have been planted in this area as part of the refuge's reforestation program. - US FWS

Data »

Particulars for Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge:
Locale Type Natural Environ
Geographic Feature Rainforest

Activities »

The Upper Maulua Unit of Hakalau Forest National Wildlife (NWR) is currently open to the public for wildlife-dependent activities such as hiking, bird watching and photography. All other units of the refuge are closed. Access to Upper Maulua is permitted on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays between sunrise and sunset. Access to Upper Maulua is via Maulua Road which intersects with Keanakolu Road at Maulua Gate at the upper end of the unit. The main gate must be closed and locked after entry or exit. Vehicles must be four-wheel-drive and must remain on Maulua Road or parked on the shoulder. - US FWS

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