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Vatican City
Colonnade of St Peter
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Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy) - The World Factbook

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Particulars for Vatican City:
Locale Type Nation
Religion, Cultural Affiliation Roman Catholic Church

History »

Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid 19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope's holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of "prisoner" popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include religious freedom, international development, the environment, the Middle East, China, the decline of religion in Europe, terrorism, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the application of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1 billion people worldwide profess the Catholic faith. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

Hadrian the Seventh Novel Frederick Rolfe One day George Arthur Rose, hack writer and minor priest, discovers that he has been picked to be Pope.

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