Highlights

Fjord

Stave Building

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Norway
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Bouvet Island Island
Innlandet Fylke Fylke
Jan Mayen Island
More og Romsdal Fylke Fylke
Nordland Fylke Fylke
Oslo, NO City
Rogaland Fylke Fylke
Svalbard Archipelago
Troms og Finnmark Fylke
Trondelag Fylke Fylke
Vestland Fylke Fylke

Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1250/00/00 During the High Middle Ages, 80 percent of Norway's export value is derived from the stockfish (dried cod) trade. Salt Cod
1900/00/00 Pandalus borealis have been widely fished since the early the 1900s in Norway, and later in other countries following Johan Hjort's discoveries of how to find them. Arctic Prawn

Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Lofoten Archipelago Archipelago
Rost Coral Reef Reef

Information »

Location

Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Norway:
Locale Type Nation

Data
Demonym: Norwegian
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 5


History »

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness. - The World Factbook


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