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Altiplano Physiographic Section
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone
Chavin (Archaeological Site)
Colca Canyon Canyon, Gorge
Cusco City
Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa
Huascaran National Park
Huayna Picchu Hike
Lake Titicaca Lake
Lima City
Manu National Park
Nazca, PE Town
Ollantaytambo Choquequirao Machu Picchu Trail Hike
Ollantaytambo, PE Town
Pachacoto Gorge Canyon, Gorge
Paita, PE City
Paracas National Reserve
Puente el Pavo, PE Town
Rio Abiseo National Park
Sacred City of Caral-Supe
Sechura Desert Desert Environ
Tamba Blanquilla
Tambopata National Reserve
The Sphinx - White Mountain Range
Uros Floating Islands of Lake Titicaca
Valley of the Volcanoes

Eat and Drink »

Arepa de Choclo Pancake Choclo is a large-kernel corn from the Andes.
Cape Gooseberry Fruit Physalis peruviana is originally from Peru.
Cusquena Beer
Cusquena Malta Beer
Inca Kola Soda Pop Inca Kola was created in Peru using lemon verbena.
Pisco Pisco brandy is produced in the wine making region of Peru.

Information »


Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Peru:
Locale Type Nation

Demonym: Peruvian
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 85

History »

Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous Quechuan ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, has overseen a robust macroeconomic performance. In June 2011, former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president, defeating Keiko FUJIMORI Higuchi, the daughter of Alberto FUJIMORI. Since his election, HUMALA has carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceeding administrations. - The World Factbook

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