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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1629/00/00 John Winthrop Home, Work The Charlestown settlement builds a Great House (lost) for Governor John Winthrop. The first public building erected by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, is to be used by the Governor as a residence and a meeting place for his Court of Assistants.
1630/07/00 John Winthrop Home, Work The Massachusetts Bay Company setup their seat of government in the Great House (lost). Remains are located in City Square Park.
1630/10/00 John Winthrop Home, Work Governor Winthrop and the operations of the Massachusetts Bay company move across the river to Shawmut (now called Boston).
1633/00/00 The Massachusetts Bay company sells the Great House (lost) to the town who converts it into the First Church of Charlestown. Foundation stones uncovered during an archaeological dig in City Square Park have been used in a marker of the original building.
1635/00/00 Robert Long buys the Great House (lost) opens the Three Cranes Tavern where he serves craftsmen, merchants and sailors. The tavern and the First Church of Charlestown will share the same building for about a year.
1775/04/19 British regular troops returning from a fight in the Lexington and Concord occupy the Three Cranes Tavern (lost) and, while waiting to be ferried across the harbor to Boston, they looted it. Battles of Lexington and Concord
1775/06/17 Angered by provincial snipers, British troops set fire to most of Charlestown just before the Battle of Bunker Hill. The remains of the Great House are preserved beneath layers of ash. The area will be left as an open parade ground. Battle of Bunker Hill
1780/00/00 City Square is buried under three feet of fill dirt.

Data »

Particulars for Town Hill District:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Community Planning and Development
Architectural Style Federal Style
Architectural Style Georgian Architecture
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Architectural Style Mid 19th century revival
Owner Private
Historic Use Single dwelling



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 73000850
Resource Type:
Owner: Private, Local
Architect: Multiple
Architectural Style: Mid 19th century revival, Georgian, Federal
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: State
Area of Significance: Community Planning and Development, Architecture
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1800-1824, 1825-1849, 1750-1799
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling
Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-Function: Single dwelling

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