Roland Park Historic District

  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

In the 1890s Edward H Bouton and the Roland Park Company developed a residential neighborhood in northwest Baltimore, now known as the Roland Park Historic District. Roland Park was one of the most successful and highly emulated planned streetcar suburbs. It was Baltimore's first residential development where deed restrictions governed the use of property and established common responsibility for the maintenance of the area. The architecture of the community typifies the romantic tastes of the turn of the century, with many examples of the Queen Anne, English Tudor, Georgian and Shingle styles. On the west side of Roland Avenue just north of Upland Avenue, one of the country's first shopping centers was built, in the English Tudor style.

The eastern portion of the development was planned in 1891 by City Beautiful designer George E. Kessler, while the western portion was laid out in 1897 by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. Today, the district is often studied by students of planning for its emphasis on the proper use of the natural topography to enhance the community. - NPS



Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1890/00/00 George E Kessler Landscape Architect The Roland Park Company hires Kansas City developer Edward H Bouton as the general manager and George Edward Kessler to design the lay out of the original Roland Park.
1897/00/00 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr Architect In the employ of the Roland Park Company, the Olmsted Brothers lay out the western portion of Roland Park: grading streets, installing gutters and sidewalks and constructing the Lake Roland Elevated Railroad.
1905/06/11 Henry James Visitor Staying perhaps a few days, Henry James avoids the downtown area, then known as the Burnt District because of the 1904 Baltimore Fire, but does visit the new suburb of Roland Park.

Data »

Particulars for Roland Park Historic District:
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Community Planning and Development
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Landscape Architecture
Architectural Style Late 19th and 20th century revivals
Architectural Style Late Victorian
Level of Significance National
Historic Use Single dwelling

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 74002213
Resource Type:
Owner: Local
Architect: Olmsted,Frederick Law; et al.
Architectural Style: Late 19th and 20th century revivals, Late victorian
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Community Planning and Development, Landscape architecture
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1875-1899
Significant Year: 1890, 1897
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling
Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-Function: Single dwelling

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