Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1754/05/28 George Washington Virginia Commander Virginia militia under Washington and native braves surround a French contingent. A shot is fired by an known that results in a skirmish killing 1 Virginian. The scalping and killing of 13 French and capture of 21 enrages the French. French and Indian War
1754/06/00 During the last two days of May and the first three days of June, the Virginia regiment fortify their position at the Great Meadows by erecting a circular palisaded fort, which Washington calls Fort Necessity.
1754/06/09 The rest of the Virginia regiment arrive at the Great Meadows with supplies and nine small cannon called swivel guns. Washington's command now totals 293 officers and men.
1754/06/15 While Capt James Mackay's Independent Company of regular British troops from South Carolina remain at Great Meadows, Washington and his Virginians spend most of June building a road from Fort Necessity to Gist's Plantation.
1754/07/01 After learning of a force of 600 French and 100 Indians advancing under the command of Louis Coulon de Villiers from Fort Duquesne, Washington and the Virginians return to Fort Necessity.
1754/07/03 As rain falls, 3 columns of Canadian soldiers and Indians advance toward the fort. Washington orders his men to hold their ground and fire a volley. Mackay's regulars obey while the Virginians flee back to the fort.
1754/07/04 Washington and Mackay sign the surrender terms. The British surrender the fort and swivel guns. The French and Indians burn Fort Necessity and loot Washington's baggage train as they march toward Wills Creek.
1754/07/17 Back in Virginia, Washington report the battles to Governor Dinwiddie. Washington receives a vote of thanks from the House of Burgesses while Dinwiddie blames the defeat on poor supply and the refusal of aid by the other colonies.

Data »

Particulars for Fort Necessity National Battlefield:
Historic Use Battle site
Criteria Consideration Commemorative property
Area of Significance Exploration-settlement
Owner Federal
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Military
Level of Significance National
Criteria Person

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 66000664
Resource Type:
Owner: Federal
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: No style listed
Nominator Name: National Battlefield
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Military, Exploration-settlement
Applicable Criteria: Event, Person
Criteria Consideration: Cemetery, Commemorative property
Period of Significance: 1750-1799
Significant Year: 1754, 1755
Associated People: Washington,George
Historic Function: Defense
Historic Sub-Function: Battle site
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Landscape
Current Sub-Function: Park Monument, Marker

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