Wyolah Plantation


  • Address: MS 553
  • Vicinity: Off MS 553, N of Natchez, Mississippi
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Building

The Wyolah Plantation (c 1836), is a 70-acre antebellum plantation and private residence in Church Hill, Mississippi. The plantation includes a restored Greek Revival house, carriage house, barn, doctor's office and a brick kitchen building. - AsNotedIn

Constructed in the mid-nineteenth century for Irish immigrant, Dr Francis B Coleman, Wyolah Plantation is one of the most significant plantation complexes in the state of Mississippi. This significance is based principally on the remarkable survival of so many of the original plantation outbuildings, which include a doctor's office, brick kitchen, commissary, carriage house, barn, corn crib, and two servant's houses and, to a lesser degree, on the character and outstanding integrity of the buildings themselves and their unspoiled plantation setting. On the facade of the deteriorated doctor's office survives the only known example of a Greek Revival stucco treatment that was once common in the Natchez area. This decorative treatment, where each scored block of stucco is tinted in varying shades of sandstone with scoring lines penciled in white, was also originally used on the facade of the main dwelling at Wyolah and at Etania, Melrose, and the mid-nineteenth century remodeled facades of Monmouth and The Elms, as well as at neighboring Moss Hill in Jefferson County. The main plantation house has many features that are considered typical of Mississippi plantation architecture of the mid-nineteenth century such as the front and rear galleries cut under the slopes of the roof, the rear "cabinet" rooms of the first story, and the original interior decorative scheme consisting of white walls, oak-grained doors and bases, marbled bases and mantel pieces in the more formal areas, and black mantel pieces and bases in the less public areas of the house. Wyolah is one of an approximate dozen architecturally or historically significant buildings that survive in the vicinity of Church Hill, a rural plantation community that is located northeast of Natchez and is also referred to as the Maryland Settlement. - NRHP, 5 December 1984


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1836/00/00 Original portions of Wyolah Plantation are built for Irish immigrant, Dr Francis B Coleman.
2011/00/00 Tate Taylor Home Film director Tate Taylor buys Wyolah Plantation

Data »

Particulars for Wyolah Plantation:
Historic Use Agricultural outbuildings
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Sight Category Building
Architectural Style Greek Revival
Owner Private
Historic Use Secondary structure
Historic Use Single dwelling



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 30th May 1985

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Wyolah Plantation
Registry Address: Off MS 553
Registry Number: 85001168
Resource Type: Building
Owner: Private
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: Greek revival
Area in Acres: 60
Contributing Buildings: 9
Certification: Listed in the National Register
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: State
Area of Significance: Architecture
Applicable Criteria: Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1850-1874, 1825-1849
Historic Function: Domestic, Agriculture, subsistence
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling, Agricultural outbuildings, Secondary structure
Current Function: Domestic
Current Sub-Function: Single dwelling Secondary structure

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