Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1799/09/20 George Washington Benefactor as it has been understood from expressions occasionally dropped from your Wife, that it is the wish of you both to settle in this neighbourhood ... I ... bequeathed to you and her jointly, if you incline to build on it, ... Grays hill, - GW
1800/00/00 Dr William Thornton Architect William Thornton designs the five-bay central block main house with a central hall. The plan for the plantation includes a large brick barn, farm house, corn houses, sheds and dwellings for the enslaved people.
1802/00/00 Lawrence Lewis Home Lawrence Lewis begins building structures on Grays Hill at Dogue Run farm.
1805/00/00 Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis Home Lawrence and Nelly Lewis move into a small dependency at Woodlawn while work on the main house is completed.
1829/01/10 Marquis de Lafayette Author La Grange to Woodlawn: Lafayette writes to Nelly Lewis that he is always glad to welcome her friends in France, that Miss Henrietta Douglas is in town and they talked of Woodlawn. He also comments on American election of 1828.
1846/00/00 Chalkley Gillingham Vocation The Troth-Gillingham Company, anti-slavery Quakers who want to show that plantations can be successful without slavery, buys the 2,000-acre Woodlawn Tract where the Woodlawn Meetinghouse and burial ground remain today.
1846/00/00 Delaware Valley Quakers Vocation Lorenzo Lewis sells the Woodlawn Tract to the Troth-Gillingham Co: Chalkley Gillingham, Jacob Troth, Lucas Gillingham and Paul Hillman Troth. The 2,030-acre parcel, sold at $12.50 per acre, consist of timber lands, meadows and cropland.
1847/00/00 Woodlawn Quaker Meeting Established After Chalkley Gillingham and partners buy the Woodlawn Tract, Woodlawn Quaker Meeting use the Woodlawn mansion as their first location for worship, and as a home base for new settlers while they built homes on their 100-200-acre farm tracts.
1852/00/00 Woodlawn Quaker Meeting Vocation By 1852, more than forty families have bought Woodlawn farmland or other parcels from Washington's slaveholding heirs and other plantation owners.
1853/00/00 Jacob Troth sells Woodlawn to the Mason family, devout Baptists who will assist former slaves and other free blacks by helping them to acquire land, establish farms and become prosperous farmers.
1878/06/00 Rutherford B Hayes Visitor Rutherford and Lucy Hayes visit Woodlawn plantation and Grand View.
1905/00/00 Edward Wilton Donn Jr Architect Elizabeth M Sharpe hires Edward W Donn to rebuild the wings in a more sympathetic manner.
1910/00/00 Waddy Butler Wood Architect The dining room is restored and other alterations are made at Woodlawn under the direction of Waddy B Wood.
1929/00/00 Oscar Wilder Underwood Home Home of Senator Oscar Underwood, 1925-1929
1929/01/25 Oscar Wilder Underwood Died Oscar Underwood dies at home


Grand View Cottage

Data »

Particulars for Woodlawn Plantation:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Sight Category Building
Area of Significance Conservation
Architectural Style Federal Style
Criteria Historic Event
Level of Significance National
Criteria Person
Area of Significance Politics-government
Owner Private
Historic Use Secondary structure
Historic Use Single dwelling

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 26th February 1970

Registry Name: Woodlawn Plantation
Registry Address: W of jct. of U.S. 1 and Rte. 235
Registry Number: 70000792
Resource Type: Building
Owner: Private
Architect: Thornton,William; Wood, Waddy D.
Architectural Style: Federal
Area in Acres: 160
Contributing Buildings: 3
Non-Contributing Buildings: 4
Contributing Sites: 1
Contributing Structures: 2
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Architecture, Politics-government, Conservation
Applicable Criteria: Person, Event, Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1800-1824
Significant Year: 1799, 1805, 1951
Associated People: Washington, Lewis, Underwood, Mason
Historic Function: Domestic
Historic Sub-Function: Secondary structure, Single dwelling
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Education
Current Sub-Function: Museum

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