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Princeton Battlefield

  • Also Known As: Princeton Battlefield State Park

  • Address: 500 Mercer Rd
  • Vicinity: Princeton Battlefield State Park
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Site

Site of the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777. American victories here helped raise spirits for the cause of independence, and General George Washington proved his leadership abilities to the fledgling nation. The Mercer Oak, which gave Princeton Township its symbol and was where General Hugh Mercer rested while mortally wounded, stood here for nearly 300 years until it fell in 2000. Also on the site are the Clarke House (where Mercer died), soldier graves, and a stone colonnade designed by the architect of the national Capitol. - AsNotedIn


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PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
PlaceTypeAsNotedInArea
Mercer Manor Colonnade Architectural Remnant

Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1777/01/03 George Washington American Commander in Chief George Washington leads 4500 Patriots in battle against 1200 British Regulars at Princeton, New Jersey. Washington at the Battle of Princeton Battle of Princeton
1777/01/03 Hugh Mercer American Commander Hugh Mercer receives 7 bayonet wounds and is carried off the battlefield by his aide-de-camp, John Armstrong, where he is treated by James Craik and Benjamin Rush. Battle of Princeton
1777/01/03 James Craik Doctor Hugh Mercer receives 7 bayonet wounds and is carried off the battlefield by his aide-de-camp, John Armstrong, where he is treated by James Craik and Benjamin Rush. Battle of Princeton
1777/01/03 John Armstrong Jr Patriot aide-de-camp Hugh Mercer receives 7 bayonet wounds and is carried off the battlefield by his aide-de-camp, John Armstrong, where he is treated by James Craik and Benjamin Rush. Battle of Princeton
1777/01/03 Dr Benjamin Rush Surgeon Hugh Mercer receives 7 bayonet wounds and is carried off the battlefield by his aide-de-camp, John Armstrong, where he is treated by James Craik and Benjamin Rush. Battle of Princeton
1777/01/12 Hugh Mercer Died Hugh Mercer dies from wounds received at the Battle of Princeton Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton (painting) Battle of Princeton
1777/01/23 First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry Patriot Troops General Washington relieves the First Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry of duty where they return to Philadelphia. Battle of Princeton
1824/09/20 Marquis de Lafayette Guest of Honor Lafayette's entourage visits Princeton, NJ sometime in September. Lafayette's Triumphal Tour of America

Data »

Particulars for Princeton Battlefield:
Disposition Architectural Remnant
Historic Use Battle site
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Military
Level of Significance National
Owner Private
Sight Category Site
Owner State



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 15th October 1966

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Princeton Battlefield
Registry Address: Princeton Battlefield State Park
Registry Number: 66000466
Resource Type: Site
Owner: Private, State
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 209
Contributing Buildings: 2
Contributing Sites: 3
Non-Contributing Structures: 1
Non-Contributing Objects: 1
Other Certification: Boundary increase, Designated National Landmark, National Landmark boundary approved
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Military
Applicable Criteria: Event
Period of Significance: 1750-1799
Significant Year: 1777
Historic Function: Defense
Historic Sub-Function: Battle site
Current Function: Landscape
Current Sub-Function: Park

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