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Middleton Place
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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1730/00/00 John Williams, a wealthy landowner, Justice of the Peace and member of the South Carolina Assembly, begins building Middleton Place in the late 1730s.
1741/00/00 Henry Middleton Groom Henry Middleton marries Mary Baker Williams (only daughter of John Williams) at Middleton Place, receiving the Plantation in his wife's dowry.
1741/00/00 Henry Middleton Landscape Architect Henry Middleton, following the principles of Andre Le Notre landscape architect at Vaux-le-Vicomte and the Palace of Versailles, designs and begins the gardens at Middleton Place.
1742/06/26 Arthur Middleton Born Arthur Middleton is born at Middleton Place, South Carolina. Arthur Middleton's Birthday
1750/11/15 Henrietta Middleton Rutledge Born Mary Baker Williams Middleton, wife of Henry Middleton, gives birth to a daughter, Henrietta Middleton, at the Middleton Place plantation located along the banks of the Ashley River in St Andrew's Parish.
1755/00/00 Henry Middleton Home Henry Middleton builds South Flanker (today's House Museum). He also completed the main house and built North Flanker.
1756/07/05 Sarah Middleton Born Sarah Middleton is born to Mary Baker Williams Middleton and Henry Middleton in Charleston, South Carolina.
1761/01/09 Henry Middleton Widower Mary Baker Middleton (wife of Henry Middleton) dies on 9 January 1761.
1771/00/00 Benjamin West Painter Benjamin West paints a monumental portrait of Arthur Middleton (1742-1787), his wife Mary Izard Middleton (1747-1814) and their infant son Henry (1770-1846).
1780/11/25 Isabella Johannes Middleton Huger Born Isabella Johannes Middleton is born to Arthur and Mary Izard Middleton.
1787/01/01 Arthur Middleton Died Arthur Middleton passes away at The Oaks Plantation, South Carolina. He is buried in the family tomb in the Gardens at Middleton Place.
1865/02/22 Main House and flanking wings are ransacked and burned by 56th Regiment New York Infantry, Union Army
1869/00/00 Williams Middleton Home The South Flanker, the least damaged of the three residences, receives a new roof, Dutch gable ends and an entry hall leading from the Greensward.
1886/08/31 Charleston Earthquake topples the gutted walls of the Main House and North Flanker at Middleton Place. 1886 Charleston Earthquake

Data »

Particulars for Middleton Place:
Area of Significance Agriculture
Architectural Style American Colonial
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Commerce
Area of Significance Education
Other Description English Tudor-Dutch
Landscape Architecture Garden
Sight Category Historic District
Landscape Architecture Historic garden restoration
Area of Significance Landscape Architecture
Level of Significance National
Criteria Person
Area of Significance Politics-government
Owner Private
Area of Significance Science
Historic Use Single dwelling



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 6th May 1971

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Middleton Place
Registry Address: SE of Summerville on SC 6l
Registry Number: 71000770
Resource Type: District
Owner: Private
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: Colonial, Other
Attribute: English Tudor-Dutch
Area in Acres: 110
Contributing Buildings: 1
Non-Contributing Buildings: 5
Contributing Sites: 1
Contributing Structures: 1
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Landscape architecture, Commerce, Education, Science, Politics-government, Agriculture
Applicable Criteria: Architecture-Engineering, Person
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1850-1874, 1875-1899, 1700-1749, 1750-1799, 1825-1849, 1800-1824
Significant Year: 1742, 1787
Associated People: Middleton,Arthur
Historic Function: Domestic, Landscape
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling, Plaza
Current Function: Domestic, Landscape
Current Sub-Function: Single dwelling Plaza

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