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Mount Rushmore National Memorial


  • Type: Outdoor Space
  • Travel Genus: Sight , Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District
  • Locale Type: Outdoor Space

American History, Alive in Stone...

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is visited by nearly three million people each year that come to marvel at the majestic beauty of the Black Hills of South Dakota and learn about the birth, growth, development and preservation of the country. From the history of the first inhabitants to the diversity of America today, Mount Rushmore brings visitors face to face with the rich heritage we all share. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1925/08/00 Peter Norbeck Fundraiser Initial planning and fund-raising begins in August 1925 for the Mount Harney Memorial, but the project was almost out of money in 1927 before carving even began.
1927/08/10 Calvin Coolidge US President At the Mount Rushmore opening dedication, President Coolidge gives a speech promising federal funding for the National Memorial. He then gave Borglum six steel drill bits with which the artist would start carving the hill.
1927/10/04 Gutzon Borglum Sculptor The carving begins. Local gold miners remove rock using dynamite and jackhammers to remove the next layer. Carvers drill a series of shallow holes and remove the area between them, often by hand. Hand tools smoothed the stone and added details.
1936/00/00 Peter Norbeck Life President Roosevelt and Borglum make statements at the dedication of the Jefferson portrait. Senator Norbeck, suffering from cancer of the tongue and jaw, stood by mutely.
1936/00/00 Franklin Delano Roosevelt US President President Roosevelt and Borglum make statements at the dedication of the Jefferson portrait. Senator Norbeck, suffering from cancer of the tongue and jaw, stood by mutely.
1941/10/31 Lincoln Borglum Sculptor Mount Rushmore National Memorial is declared a completed project.

Data »

Particulars for Mount Rushmore National Memorial:
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Art
Fine Art Colossal Sculpture
Criteria Consideration Commemorative property
Area of Significance Engineering
Owner Federal
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Object type Monument
Level of Significance National
Locale Type Outdoor Space
Historic Use Single dwelling
Level of Significance State
Art attribute Unfinished
Historic Use Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art)



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 15th October 1966

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Mount Rushmore National Memorial
Registry Address: 3 mi. W of Keystone off U.S. 16A
Registry Number: 66000718
Resource Type: District
Owner: Federal
Architect: Borglum,Gutzon; Borglum,Lincoln
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 40
Contributing Buildings: 2
Non-Contributing Buildings: 1
Contributing Structures: 4
Non-Contributing Structures: 2
Contributing Objects: 2
Other Certification: Additional documentation
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Memorial
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National; State
Area of Significance: Engineering, Art
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Criteria Consideration: Commemorative property, Significance of less than fifty years
Significant Year: 1927, 1941
Historic Function: Domestic, Recreation and Culture
Historic Sub-Function: Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art), Single dwelling, Monument, Marker
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Domestic
Current Sub-Function: Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art) Single dwelling Monument, Marker

Creative Works »


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