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Morris-Jumel Mansion


  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Building

The stately two-story Morris-Jumel Mansion, built in 1765 in a Georgian style modified to suit a country setting, was purchased by Mr and Mrs Stephen Jumel in 1810. Though Stephen Jumel held high social standing due to his prior leadership of a Caribbean plantation, as well as his role as a successful wine merchant, it was the colorful and controversial Madame Eliza Jumel who became the talk of New York City society. Eliza Jumel's life typified the limited options of ambitious young women with controversial backgrounds in late 18th-century America. Born into a middleclass family, Eliza's social circumstances declined following the death of her father and remarriage of her mother. Eliza's fortunes turned after meeting and marrying Stephen Jumel in 1804. The couple was not entirely accepted by society due, in part, to Eliza's controversial background. Wealth permitted travel, however, and the Jumels sailed to France in 1815. There, Eliza found social acceptance, mingling with aristocrats, including Napolean Bonaparte. In 1816, Eliza returned to New York City with power of attorney over Stephen's assets while Stephen remained in France. This was likely done to protect Stephen&s assets from creditors. Tragically, Stephen died in 1832 from falling off a wagon. Fourteen months later Eliza, then 58, married 77 year-old former Vice President Aaron Burr. The marriage was marked by Burr's misuse of the Jumel fortune, and the two formally divorced on September 14, 1836, the day of Burr's death. Jumel kept this home for the remainder of her life, and died in the mansion in 1865. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1765/00/00 British military officer Roger Morris and wife Mary Philipse buy 130 acres from James Carol and begin building their mansion.
1776/10/21 George Washington American Commander in Chief 14 September to 21 October 1776, Morris Mansion serves as the headquarters for George Washington where he planned his next fight, The Battle of Harlem Heights. Battle of Long Island
1783/00/00 Morris-Jumel Mansion opens as Calumet Hall tavern
1790/07/10 Thomas Jefferson Visitor George Washington and his cabinet (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Henry Knox, and Alexander Hamilton) dine at the Morris-Jumel Mansion.
1790/07/10 John Adams Visitor George Washington and his cabinet (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Henry Knox, and Alexander Hamilton) dine at the Morris-Jumel Mansion.
1790/07/10 George Washington Visitor George Washington and his cabinet (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Henry Knox, and Alexander Hamilton) dine at the Morris-Jumel Mansion.
1790/07/10 Alexander Hamilton Visitor George Washington and his cabinet (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Henry Knox, and Alexander Hamilton) dine at the Morris-Jumel Mansion.
1790/07/10 Henry Knox Visitor George Washington and his cabinet (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Henry Knox, and Alexander Hamilton) dine at the Morris-Jumel Mansion.
1810/00/00 Stephen Jumel, and wife Eliza Bowen Jumel, buy Morris Mansoion and 138 acres of land, he later adds 29 acres
1832/00/00 Stephen Jumel dies from injuries sustained in a carriage accident or pneumonia
1833/00/00 Aaron Burr Jr Groom Widow Eliza Bowen Jumel marries Aaron Burr in the downstairs parlor of Jumel Mansion Marriage of Eliza Bowen Jumel and Aaron Burr
1842/00/00 Anne Hampton Northup Work Eliza Jumel enjoys Anne Northup's (wife of Solomon Northup) cooking at the United States Hotel, Sarasota Springs, NY, so much that she brings Ms Northup to cook at the Morris-Jumel Mansion, working 1842-1843

Data »

Particulars for Morris-Jumel Mansion:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Historic Use Battle site
Sight Category Building
Architectural Style Georgian Architecture
Criteria Historic Event
Owner Local
Area of Significance Military
Level of Significance National
Historic Use Single dwelling



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 15th October 1966

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Morris-Jumel Mansion
Registry Address: 160th St. and Edgecombe Ave.
Registry Number: 66000545
Resource Type: Building
Owner: Local
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: Georgian
Contributing Buildings: 1
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark, National Landmark boundary approved
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Military, Architecture
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1750-1799
Significant Year: 1765, 1776
Historic Function: Domestic, Defense
Historic Sub-Function: Single dwelling, Battle site
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Landscape
Current Sub-Function: Museum Park

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