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Midway Historic District

  • Includes: Midway Church and Cemetery also Midway Museum also Old Sunbury Road

  • Vicinity: Jct US 17 and GA 38
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1760/00/00 The Sunbury Road from Midway to the town of Sunbury on the Midway River opens c 1760. In the early 1790s the road was extended to Greensboro via Swainsboro and Sparta. The old way was noted for its elevated course and few stream crossings.
1775/05/00 Lyman Hall Church member Lyman Hall is sent to represent Georgia at the First Continental Congress.
1778/11/19 James Screven with about 20 troops join White at the Meeting House. They decide to set an ambush about two miles south of the Meeting House, where the Savannah-Darien Road passed through a thickly wooded area.
1778/11/19 Col John White, 4th Georgia Battalion, arrives at the Midway Meeting House with 100 troops and 2 artillery pieces. Hoping to delay the British advance, they hastily build a barricade across the road 1.5 miles south of the Meeting House at Spencer's Hill. Battle at Midway Church
1778/11/22 Gaude,Justin F. British Commander Prevost sends the mortally wounded General Screven back to the Patriot lines under a flag of truce to the vestry house of the Meeting House, where he was treated by a physician from Liberty County. He was then moved to the home of John Elliott Sr.
1778/11/22 Completely outnumbered, White and Jackson hold out until reinforcements arrive from Savannah. After James Screven arrives with only 20 soldiers, the Americans pull back to form a line at Midway Church.
1778/11/24 British Army regulars reach Midway and the Meeting House. They burned it because they knew the church had been used as a command post, supply depot and rallying point. Battle at Midway Church
1778/11/24 James Screven Died Screven dies a few miles from his Midway plantation. Dr James Dunwody was present at his death. A native of Liberty County and member of Midway Congregation, Screven was buried in the Midway Church Cemetery on Row A Grave 1. Battle at Midway Church
1792/00/00 Founded in 1752 by Congregationalists, the Midway Congregational Church white frame sanctuary (current building) is built. The structure includes upper galleries where black members attend service.
1830/11/00 George Washington McAllister Trustee The Presbytery of Georgia meet at Midway and organize the Bryan Neck Presbyterian Church. The church named John J Maxwell, Thomas Clay, Richard J Arnold, Edward Footman and George W McAllister as trustees.
1864/12/14 Hugh J Kilpatrick Union General Gen Kilpatrick moves with most of his command to Midway Church. After scouting the country and stripping it of provisions, he returns to Bryan at Cross Roads to picket to the south and west, and to protect the Union supply depot at King's Bridge. Sherman's March to the Sea
1882/02/23 George Washington McAllister Trustee The second Bryan Neck Presbyterian Church sanctuary, built to accommodated 40 (planter) families and in an upper gallery their slaves, is destroyed by fire. Burnt Church Cemetery remains 3 miles north of this site on the Bryan Neck Rd.

Data »

Particulars for Midway Historic District:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Commerce
Historic Use Graves, burials
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Owner Local
Level of Significance National
Area of Significance Politics-government
Owner Private
Area of Significance Religion
Historic Use Religious Property



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 1st March 1973

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Midway Historic District
Registry Address: Jct. U.S. 17 and GA 38
Registry Number: 73000625
Resource Type: District
Owner: Local, Private
Architect: unknown
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 20
Contributing Buildings: 1
Non-Contributing Buildings: 1
Contributing Sites: 1
Contributing Structures: 1
Certification: Listed in the National Register
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Commerce, Politics-government, Architecture, Religion
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Criteria Consideration: Religious property
Period of Significance: 1750-1799
Historic Function: Religion, Funerary
Historic Sub-Function: Religious structure, Graves, burials
Current Function: Recreation and Culture
Current Sub-Function: Museum

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