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Andersonville National Historic Site

  • Also Known As: Andersonville National Cemetery also Anderson Prison Park

  • Address: GA 49
  • Vicinity: 1 mi E of Andersonville on
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District

Victory From Within: Exploring the Stories of Prisoners of War

The Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville was one of the largest Confederate military prisons during the Civil War. During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45000 Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13000 died here. Today, Andersonville National Historic Site is a memorial to all American prisoners of war throughout the nation's history. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1864/02/00 Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville opens at about 16.5 acres (6.7 ha) enclosed by a 15-foot (4.6 m) high stockade.
1864/04/00 Henry Wirz Commandant Henry Wirz is appointed commandant of Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville, Georgia. Andersonville Trial
1864/06/00 Camp Sumter military prison is enlarged to 26.5 acres.
1864/06/24 Boston Corbett Prisoner of War Boston Corbett, captured on June 24, 1864, was a prisoner at Andersonville for five months.
1865/00/00 Seth N Eastman MD Prisoner of War During the American Civil War, Seth N Eastman is held as a prisoner of war in Andersonville prison.
1865/00/00 Edward Stanton Huntington Union Captain During the American Civil War, Edward Stanton Huntington engages in 17 battles, and spends 11 months in Libby and Andersonville prisons.
1865/05/00 Camp Sumter military prison is liberated. Of the 45,000 soldiers held at Andersonville, 13,000 died. During the worst months, over 100 men died each day. The chief causes of death were scurvy, diarrhea and dysentery. Andersonville Trial
1865/07/00 Clara Barton Work Dorence Atwater and Clara Barton spend July and August at Andersonville searching the Andersonville Death Register and hospital records for information on missing Union soldiers.

Data »

Particulars for Andersonville National Historic Site:
Military Event American Civil War
Historic Use Cemetery
Owner Federal
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Military
Historic Use Museum
Level of Significance National
Confinement Attribute Prisoner of War
Area of Significance Social History



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 16th October 1970

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name: Andersonville National Historic Site
Registry Address: 1 mi. E of Andersonville on GA 49
Registry Number: 70000070
Resource Type: District
Owner: Federal
Architectural Style: No style listed
Area in Acres: 488
Contributing Buildings: 5
Non-Contributing Buildings: 3
Contributing Sites: 2
Contributing Structures: 1
Contributing Objects: 20
Other Certification: Additional documentation
Certification: Listed in the National Register
Nominator Name: National Historic Site
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Military, Social history
Applicable Criteria: Event
Criteria Consideration: Cemetery
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1875-1899, 1850-1874
Significant Year: 1864, 1865
Historic Function: Government, Recreation and Culture, Funerary
Historic Sub-Function: Museum, Cemetery, Correctional facility
Current Function: Recreation and Culture, Landscape, Funerary
Current Sub-Function: Museum Cemetery Park

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