Stone Mountain Memorial State Park

  • NRHP Name: Stone Mountain Quarries Historic District

  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District



Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1867/00/00 Stone Mountain natural district includes an 1867 Grist Mill moved to Stone Mountain Park from Lawrenceville.
1901/00/00 In 1901, the Venable Brothers boast that they have supplied New Orleans with 25,000 ft of Georgia Granite for curbings and crossings (900,000 ft in Atlanta). The firms quarries at Stone Mountain and Lithonia were connected by their own railroad.
1911/00/00 George Weiblen Quarryman New Orleans stonecutter Albert Weiblen and his son George lease part of the Venable Brothers' quarrying holdings and establish Stone Mountain Granite Company.
1915/00/00 Gutzon Borglum Sculptor Helen Plane of the United Daughters of the Confederacy asks Borglum to sculpt a likeness of Robert Lee. Borglum said that it would be ridiculously out of scale and suggested a larger sculpture that would include Lee with a column of Confederate soldiers.
1915/11/25 Ku Klux Klan Established William J Simmons leads 15 robed and hooded thugs on a bus from Atlanta to burn a crude pine cross on Stone Mt to mark the rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan. Cross burning was not an original Klan activity but from the film "Birth of a Nation". The Birth of a Nation (film)
1923/00/00 Four intrepid Black American laborers erect the steel beams on the face of Stone Mountain that will support the work platforms for the carving of the mountain.
1923/06/23 Carving officially begins on Stone Mountain, with Borglum making the first cut. Borglum agreed to include a Ku Klux Klan altar in his designs for the memorial to acknowledge a request of Helen Plane in 1915.
1924/01/19 On the birthday of General Lee, thousands of spectators watch the unveiling of the Borglum's Lee sculpture.
1925/00/00 Gutzon Borglum Sculptor Accused of financial misconduct, Borglum destroyes his working models. The Stone Mountain Association and the UDC charged Borglum with malicious mischief and filed a $50,000 civil suit against him. Borglum fled Georgia to avoid being arrested.
1928/00/00 Henry Agustus Lukeman Sculptor After completing two human heads and one horse's head, Augustus Lukeman's contract expired in 1928 and it was not extended. The sculptor had hired the Stone Mountain Granite Co to carve and Albert Weiblen assigned his son, George, to supervise.
1958/00/00 The State of Georgia buys Stone Mountain and landscapes the area for recreation.
1963/00/00 Walker Hancock Architect Walker Hancock is retained to oversee completion of the Confederate Memorial at Stone Mountain. The Stone Mountain Memorial Association hires George Weiblen to supervise the carving.
1963/00/00 Roy Faulkner is in JM Potts and Sons, when he is approached by a George Weiblen work on a Confederate Memorial. Weiblen is looking to hire quarrymen who were skilled with stone carving and not afraid of heights.
1966/08/01 One of Faulkner's fellow quarrymen falls from above Stonewall Jackson's head. With the exception of Faulkner and Weiblen, the entire crew, quit and did not return.
1969/00/00 The Coca-Cola Company Sponsor Stone Mountain Park's 732 bell tone carillon arrives in Atlanta. The 13 story tall instrument plays daily electronic carillon concerts. Mabel Sharp will work as the carillonneur for over 40 years. 1964 New York World's Fair
1972/03/03 The Confederate Memorial is completed by Roy Faulkner. Faulkner spent eight years, five months, and nineteen days carving Stone Mountain. Gutzon Borglum's work was blasted off long ago.
1996/00/00 Stone Mountain Park host cycling, tennis and archery events of the Games of the XXVI Olympiad, Atlanta.

Data »

Particulars for Stone Mountain Memorial State Park:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Art
Architectural Style Bungalow-craftsman
Area of Significance Business
Musical Instrument Carillon
Fine Art Colossal Sculpture
Historic Use Extractive facility
Material Georgia Stone Mountain Granite
Intrusive Igneous Rock Granite
Area of Significance Historic and non-aboriginal
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Industry
Criteria Information Potential
Music Musical Instrument
Historic Use Natural Feature
Historic Use Processing site
Area of Significance Railroad
Fine Art Relief Sculpture
Owner State
Historic Use Work of Art

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration: 11th July 2005

Registry Name: Stone Mountain Quarries Historic District
Registry Address: Stone Mountain Memorial State Park
Registry Number: 05000900
Resource Type: District
Owner: State
Architect: Hancock, Walter; Weiblen, George
Architectural Style: Bungalow-craftsman
Contributing Buildings: 3
Non-Contributing Buildings: 4
Contributing Sites: 5
Contributing Structures: 4
Non-Contributing Structures: 4
Contributing Objects: 1
Certification: Date received-pending nomination
Level of Significance: State
Area of Significance: Historic and non-aboriginal, Architecture, Art, Industry
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering, Information Potential
Criteria Consideration: Significance of less than fifty years
Significant Year: c 1850, 1869, 1878
Historic Function: Landscape, Transportation, Recreation and Culture, Commerce, Trade, Industry, processing, extraction
Historic Sub-Function: Business, Extractive facility, Processing site, Natural feature, Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art), Rail-related
Current Function: Landscape, Recreation and Culture
Current Sub-Function: Outdoor recreation Work of art (sculpture, carving, rock art) Park Natural feature

Creative Works »

I have a Dream (King speech) Speech Martin Luther King Jr "I Have a Dream" Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!

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