Trail of Tears

  • Also Known As: Cherokee Trail of Tears

A Journey of Injustice

Remember and commemorate the survival of the Cherokee people, forcefully removed from their homelands in Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee to live in Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. They traveled by foot, horse, wagon, or steamboat in 1838-1839.

The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail commemorates the forced removal of Cherokee from their homelands; the paths that 17 Cherokee detachments followed westward; and the revival of the Cherokee Nation. The trail passes through 9 different states including Alabama and Tennessee. The sites on the trail, stretching 5,043 miles, form a journey of compassion and understanding. - NPS



Locations
Participants

Timeline

Y/M/D Description Place
1819/02/27 Cherokees negotiators, including Chief John Brown, give up all their lands, almost 4 million acres, in East Tennessee north of the Tennessee River in exchange for new territory.
1829/08/00 Jeremiah Evarts writes 24 articles, August to December 1829, for the Washington National Intelligencer charging that Andrew Jackson's policy of removing Native American tribes is illegal and immoral
1837/12/23 About 356 Cherokee in the detachment led by B B Cannon, camped near Pea ridge on December 23, 1837 - the first removal contingent to travel through the area. Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas
1838/00/00 John Bell's detachment of about 650-700 Cherokee who supported the removal treaty, cross the Natchez Trace. Old Natchez Trace-Trail of Tears, Collinwood, TN
1838/04/00 John Brown, vice president of the National Council, and John Ross, work as members of the committee to make with Gen Winfield Scott all arrangements necessary for the removal of the Cherokees west of the Mississippi. New Echota, Calhoun
1838/05/00 Jane Ross, the daughter of a Cherokee chief and a student at The Little Girls' School, leaves to join her family on the Trail of Tears. Salem College, Winston-Salem, Winston-Salem, NC
1838/05/26 US Army, commanded by Winfield Scott begins the first phase of the removal. Relocating Cherokees from Georgia to Fort Wool at New Echota. New Echota, Calhoun
1838/10/15 In a dispatch to John Ross, director of the removal, Dr John Powell complains of Blythe's slowness and uncooperative attitude in ferrying the Cherokee and supply wagons across the Tennessee River. Blythe Ferry, Cherokee Removal Memorial Park
1838/10/21 "We have been required to draw rations of sugar, coffee, salt and soap, at Blythes Ferry to supply the detachment to Readyville or Nashville." - Cherokee detachment leader Jesse Bushyhead Blythe Ferry, Cherokee Removal Memorial Park
1838/11/04 "We are now about to take our final leave and kind farewell to our native land the country that the Great Spirit gave our Fathers, we are on the eve of leaving the Country that gave us birth." - Cherokee detachment leader Elijah Hicks Blythe Ferry, Cherokee Removal Memorial Park
1838/12/14 The Bell Party of Cherokee buy 80.75 bushels of corn at $1 per bushel and 1,878 bundles of fodder at $0.625 per dozen from Pleasant McCraw. McCraw Cemetery, Jacksonville, Jacksonville, AR
1839/00/00 Between 1837 and 1839, members of William Ruddick's family witness more than 11,000 Cherokee people pass by on their forced removal to Oklahoma. Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas
1839/01/00 John Bell's group of Cherokee and their military escort, led by Lt Edward Deas, reach Indian Territory.

Data »

Data
Cultural Affiliation: Cherokee



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