Slavery In America




Timeline

Y/M/D Description Place
1619/08/00 The WHITE LION arrives with 20 or so African captives removed from the Portuguese slave ship SAO JOAO BAUTISTA who were attempting to deliver its prisoners to the Spanish colony of Veracruz. Old Point Comfort Lighthouse, Hampton
1772/00/00 The Stoney Creek Church is reorganized. All voting members are required to be landholders and slave owners. The church buys a number of slaves, managed by John Cuthbert, who are hired out to produce income for the parish. Stoney Creek Independent Presbyterian Chapel of Prince William Parish, Yemassee, SC
1785/00/00 Hanna, a ten-year-old enslaved African-American, is accepted at The Little Girls' School. Salem College, Winston-Salem, Winston-Salem, NC
1791/09/05 Robert Carter files a deed with the Northumberland County courthouse, manumitting (setting free), 452 slaves. It is said to be the largest emancipation by an individual person in the United States before 1860. Nomini Hall, Warsaw, VA, Hague, VA
1794/07/16 500 men led by Oliver Miller Jr and James McFarlane march on Bower Hill demanding Neville to resign his Post. Armed slaves and soldiers battle the attackers: Miller, McFarlane and an army officer died and Bower Hill burnt to the ground.(site Kane Blvd) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1799/07/09 Washington's will directs that Upon Decease of his wife, all of his slaves are to be freed, young ones to be provided for until age 25, taught to read, write and pursue an occupation. Those too old or ill are to be supported.
1820/12/22 At a celebration of the 200th anniversary of the Pilgrims' landing, Webster delivers a moving speech on the relationship between property rights and the foundation of a republican nation. He also uses this occasion to denounce the African slave-trade. Plymouth Rock, Plymouth, MA
1827/00/00 Elisee Rillieux, a free man of color and vision, begins buying land and slaves to establish a sugar plantation in St John the Baptist Parish. San Francisco Plantation House, Garyville
1829/07/04 William Lloyd Garrison gives his "Address to the Colonization Society" at Park Street, his first major public statement against slavery. Park Street Church, Boston
1832/01/11 In the Virginia House of delegates, Philip Bolling argues for the abolition of the "blighting, withering curse of slavery". The "system, now existing in this commonwealth, is not the work of our hands, but a curse entailed upon by our ancestors." Virginia State Capitol, Richmond
1833/06/00 Bishop Meade, Judge William Leigh of Halifax and Francis Key begin administering the will of John Randolph which free his c 400 slaves. They fought for a decade through Virginia courts to enforce to provide the freed slaves land to support themselves.
1835/00/00 The Cherokee census of 1835 shows that Brown, one of the wealthiest of the Cherokees, has 100 acres of land under cultivation in Hamilton County, and that he owned 28 slaves. Brown House, Ooltewah
1837/11/00 Elijah Parish Lovejoy is murdered by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois, during their attack on Godfrey and Gillman's warehouse to destroy his press and abolitionist materials. Alton, Illinois
1838/12/00 Pierce Mease Butler's wife, English actress Fannie Kemble sojourns at Butler Plantaion in the winter and spring of 1838-1839. She writes a "Journal of a Residence On A Georgia Plantation" which describes the horrors of slavery. Butler Island Rice Plantation, Altamaha Wildlife Management Area
1842/00/00 Owen Brown established the Free Congregational or "Oberlin" Church in 1842 and paid to have the church building built. Members had to swear they would fight against slavery. Free Congregational Church, Hudson
1845/00/00 "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave" by Frederick Douglass is published.
1850/10/30 William Maxwell Evarts defends the constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Law during a speech at Castle Garden. Castle Clinton National Monument, New York City
1851/10/00 George Barnes calls for a mass convention to be held in the Syracuse City Hall (razed) on October 14th "to take into consideration the Principles of the American Government, and the extent to which they are trampled under foot by the Fugitive Slave Law."
1854/01/00 Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois introduces the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, which permits the extension of slavery beyond the limits of the Missouri Compromise. The bill will proved to be the catalyst for the formation of the Republican Party. Old Senate Chamber, United States Capitol
1854/03/03 The US Senate passes the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, allowing slavery beyond the limits of the Missouri Compromise. Old Senate Chamber, United States Capitol
1854/03/20 People meet at the Little White Schoolhouse on Blackburn Street to organize opposition to the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and form a great irresistible Northern party to consolidate all shades of antislavery opinion under the name Republican. Little White Schoolhouse, Ripon, WI
1854/10/16 If the negro is a man, why then my ancient faith teaches me that 'all men are created equal' and that there can be no moral right in connection with one man's making a slave of another. - Abraham Lincoln, Peoria, Illinois Peoria, Illinois
1859/03/03 On 2-3 March 1859, Pierce Mease Butler avoids bankruptcy by selling 436 enslaved Americans for $303,850 at Ten Broeck racetrack near Savannah, Georgia. Known as "The Weeping Time", the sale is the largest single slave auction in United States history. Butler Island Rice Plantation, Altamaha Wildlife Management Area
1861/01/09 Citadel cadets fire the first shots of the American Civil War at the Union relief ship, STAR OF THE WEST, as it approaches Fort Sumter. South Carolina State Arsenal, Charleston, SC
1861/01/09 Citadel cadets fire the first shots of the American Civil War at the Union relief ship, STAR OF THE WEST, as it approaches Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter National Monument, Charleston, SC
1863/01/01 As America approaches its third year of bloody civil war, President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."

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