Rise of the Lighthouse



Y/M/D Description Place
0050/00/00 Roman builders erect an octagonal, 24 metre tall light tower, 46-50 AD, during the reign of the Emperor Claudius. Originally six to eight storeys, only four remain today. The Roman Pharos, Dover
0099/00/00 Farum Brigantium is built as a 34 metres tall lighthouse on a 57 metre high rock, probably erected in the 1st century CE, or as late as 98-117, during the reign of Trajan. Tower of Hercules, A Coruna, ES-GA
1500/04/20 Bishop Johannes III Orgas (John Orgies) gives permission to the Hanseatic League to build a large stone light station. Tallinn city council establishes a beacon tax to pay for the tower. Kopu Lighthouse, Estonia
1659/00/00 Count Axel Julius De la Gardie buys the island of Hiiumaa from the King of Sweden for 38,000 thalers and assumes management of the Kopu lighthouse. He will have it heightened to 35.6 m (117 ft) and the wooden stairs replaced with an iron staircase. Kopu Lighthouse, Estonia
1775/11/01 Phare de Barfleur (Barfleur Lighthouse) is lit with a coal fire, built 1774-1775. Gatteville Lighthouses, Gatteville-le-Phare
1789/08/07 President George Washington signs the Lighthouses Act creating the Lighthouse Establishment as an administrative unit of the Federal Government. Portland Headlight, Cape Elizabeth
1829/06/14 The foundation stone is laid for a second, 247 feet (75 m) tall, lighthouse designed by Charles-Felix Morice de la Rue. Gatteville Lighthouses, Gatteville-le-Phare
1878/00/00 After experimenting in the 1870's in finding a better fuel, the US Lighthouse Board introduces kerosene, or mineral oil. The adoption of using the new fuel is slowed since the lens lamp has to be converted to use it.

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