George Washington

  • American


First President of the United States and the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. - AsNotedIn

Notable Position Organization From To
General, Commander-in-chief Continental Army
President Potomac Company
Member Freemasonry 1752

Lineage

Works about George Washington

Timeline

Y/M/D Description Association Composition Place Locale Food Event
Y/M/D Description Association Composition Place Locale Food Event
Significant name Fort Necessity National Battlefield Uniontown
Significant name Keith House - Washington's Headquarters Pineville
Visitor Warner Hall Gloucester
Significant name Plukemin Continental Artillery Cantonment Site Washington Camp Ground
Significant name Joseph Webb House Wethersfield
American Commander in Chief Washington Monument Washington, DC
Significant name Adam Kurtz House Winchester
Significant name Wallace House Somerville
Significant name Rockingham Franklin Township
Significant name Dey Mansion Wayne
Significant name Village Inn Englishtown
Significant name Morristown National Historical Park New Jersey
George Washington dines at Park Gate Visitor Park Gate Nokesville
Architect Washington Historic District Washington
George Washington buys Towlston Grange for 82.10 Pounds Sterling Owner Towlston Grange Great Falls
1732/02/22 George Washington is born in the heart of the Northern Neck of Virginia. Born George Washington Birthplace National Monument Colonial Beach George Washington's Birthday
1738/00/00 Washingtons move to Home Farm Home George Washington's Ferry Farm Fredericksburg
1749/05/10 George Washington surveys Captain Charles Ewell property near Dumfries, Virginia. Work Bel Air Minnieville
1749/07/00 George Washington receives his surveyor's license through The College of William and Mary. Education Wren Building, College of William and Mary Williamsburg
1750/00/00 As Surveryor of Culpeper County, Virginia, George Washington takes measurements of Natural Bridge, Virginia. Washington throws a rock from the creek running underneath the bridge to its top, a height of 215 feet. Work Natural Bridge State Park Natural Bridge, VA
1753/11/00 George Washington visits the Forks during his mission to Fort Le Boeuf. Visitor Forks of the Ohio Pittsburgh
1754/00/00 George Washington acquires Mount Vernon Home Mount Vernon Mt Vernon
1757/06/25 GW writes: Poor Spottswood, and a party that went towards duQuesne, with some Cherokee Indians are, I fear, lost! Baker from the said place, has brought 5 scalps, and a french Officer, prisoner, after killing two others. English Commander Forks of the Ohio Pittsburgh Forbes Expedition
1759/01/06 Martha Dandridge Custis marries George Washington at the bride's home, White House plantation (burned down in 1875). Groom Marriage of Martha Dandridge Custis and George Washington
1762/10/25 George Washington is appointed to the Truro Vestry (The Falls Church). Member The Falls Church Falls Church
1764/03/20 George W Fairfax and George Washington advertise for a builder for the brick church. Church Warden The Falls Church Falls Church
1770/10/00 James Craik, George Washington, 2 servants and surveyor William Crawford begin a journey to the Ohio River to inspect land which the British have offered as an incentive to enlist during the French and Indian War. They return from their trip in December. Work
1770/11/03 Washington camps at Point Pleasant on a trip down the Ohio, November 31 and November 3, 1770, to claim land for himself and his officers. Work Point Pleasant Battleground Point Pleasant
1771/00/00 Gristmill is built for George Washington. Owner George Washington's Distillery and Gristmill Mt Vernon
1771/09/22 Washington visits Tulip Hill Sept 22 and 30, 1771, between going to and from the races at Annapolis Visitor Tulip Hill Galesville
1772/00/00 GW owns about 600 acres on the east side of Cromwell's Run Rural Historic District between Goose Creek and Chattins Run, most will become part of Flint Hill Farm. Owner Cromwell's Run Rural Historic District Rectortown Event
1772/00/00 George Washington buys a home for his mother. Benefactor Mary Washington House Fredericksburg
1773/04/27 This memorial service for Ann Eilbeck Mason is preached at Pohick Church by James Scott, rector of Dettingen Parish. Washington's diary entry: "At home all day with the above Company. Mrs Calvert Mrs Washington and my wife went to hear Mrs Masons Funeral Mourner Pohick Church Lorton
1773/07/25 George Washington attends services at Christ Church. Washington was one of the founding members of Christ Church, buying pew No 5 and attending for more than two decades whenever he was in town. Faith Christ Church Alexandria
1775/03/20 Second Virginia Convention Representative St John's Episcopal Church Richmond Second Virginia Convention
1775/03/25 Wilton host George Washington shortly after Patrick Henry delivered his famous, "Give me Liberty, or Give me Death!" speech during the Second Virginia Convention. Visitor Wilton House Museum Richmond Second Virginia Convention
1775/07/00 Siege of Boston, George Washington American Commander in Chief Longfellow House - Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site Cambridge Siege of Boston
1776/00/00 George Washington and a guard of soldiers spend the night at the Josiah Ware Tavern, maybe, while his troops camp under pitch pines on Town Hill. Located at Rockwood Rd and Main St, the tavern was razed in 1981. American Commander in Chief Norfolk Massachusetts
1776/00/00 American Commander in Chief Jacob Purdy House White Plains, NY
1776/00/00 American Commander in Chief Dorchester Heights National Historic Site Boston Siege of Boston
1776/02/00 George Washington writes to "Miss Phillis" and signs off as "Your obedient humble servant,". Washington offers an invitation for Wheatley to call on him at his headquarters in Cambridge, Mass. Author
1776/08/29 America'a army escapes across the East River after losing to the British Army at the Battle of Long Island American Commander in Chief Fulton Ferry District New York City Battle of Long Island
1776/10/21 14 September to 21 October 1776, Morris Mansion serves as the headquarters for George Washington where he planned his next fight, The Battle of Harlem Heights. American Commander in Chief Morris-Jumel Mansion New York City Battle of Long Island
1776/10/31 George Washington stays at the Miller farm from 31 Oct to 1 Nov, stationing troops on Miller Hill overlooking the farmhouse. The sycamore may date from 1776. Patriot Commander In Chief Miller House North White Plains Battle of White Plains
1776/11/10 George Washington's headquarters from 10-12 November 1776, 28-30 November 1779 and from 25 June to 2 July 1781 American Commander in Chief Van Cortlandt Upper Manor House Peekskill
1776/11/30 Robert Burwell, George Washington and Fielding Lewis sell 800 acres of the Meadea tract in what was then Frederick County to Ignatius Peny. There were houses, buildings, orchards and other improvements on the land. Seller Meadea White Post
1776/12/08 George Washington's headquarters December 8 - 14, 1776 American Commander in Chief Summerseat Morrisville
1776/12/25 American Commander in Chief Washington Crossing National Historic Landmark Washington Crossing Historic Park Battle of Trenton
1776/12/25 American Commander in Chief Washington Crossing National Historic Landmark Washington Crossing State Park Battle of Trenton
1776/12/26 American Continental army captures a garrison of 300 Hessians by surprise. American Commander in Chief Old Barracks Trenton Battle of Trenton
1777/01/03 George Washington leads 4500 Patriots in battle against 1200 British Regulars at Princeton, New Jersey. American Commander in Chief Washington at the Battle of Princeton Princeton Battlefield Princeton Battle of Princeton
1777/01/03 George Washington leads 4500 Patriots in battle against 1200 British Regulars at Princeton, New Jersey. American Commander in Chief Washington at the Battle of Princeton Princeton Battlefield Historic District - Quaker Road Princeton Battle of Princeton
1777/01/03 General Washington stays at the President's House during the Battle of Princeton American Commander in Chief President's House Princeton Battle of Princeton
1777/08/10 General Washington's headquarters from August 10 to 23, 1777 American Commander in Chief Moland House Hartsville
1777/08/23 General Washington and his troops stay at Stenton before the Battle of Brandywine. American Commander in Chief Stenton Philadelphia Battle of Brandywine
1777/08/25 George Washington pays a visit to Abraham Robinson Visitor Robinson House Claymont
1777/09/11 American Revolution Battle between the troops of George Washington and the British troops of William Howe American Commander in Chief Brandywine Battlefield Chadds Ford Battle of Brandywine
1777/10/00 Pennepacker Mills is used as George Washington's headquarters before to the Battle of Germantown and as a field hospital after the battle. American Commander in Chief Pennypacker Mansion Schwenksville Battle of Germantown
1777/10/02 General Washington establishes his headquarters at Peter Wentz' Homestead, saying until October 4 he returned October 16-21, 1777. American Commander in Chief Peter Wentz Homestead Worcester Battle of Germantown
1777/10/04 American Commander in Chief Cliveden, Chew House Philadelphia Battle of Germantown
1777/12/00 General Washington's Headquarters at Valley Forge, pays 100 Pennsylvania pounds per month rent, December 1777 to June 1778 American Commander Washington's Headquarters Valley Forge National Historical Park Valley Forge Encampment
1778/00/00 American Commander in Chief Jacob Purdy House White Plains, NY
1778/06/28 George Washington rallies Lee's retreating troops. When the main Continental army arrives, they repeatedly stimy British counterattacks. American Commander in Chief Monmouth Battlefield Monmouth Battlefield State Park Battle of Monmouth
1778/07/00 George Washington utilizes the Miller house during the summer of 1778. Patriot Commander In Chief Miller House North White Plains
1779/01/06 George and Martha Washington celebrate their 20th wedding anniversary with dinner and dancing at Elizabeth and Samuel Powel's House. Groom Room from the Powel House, Philadelphia Metropolitan Museum of Art Marriage of Martha Dandridge Custis and George Washington
1779/01/06 George and Martha Washington celebrate their 20th wedding anniversary with dinner and dancing at Elizabeth and Samuel Powel's House. Groom Powel House Philadelphia Marriage of Martha Dandridge Custis and George Washington
1779/06/05 General George Washington stays at the Sloats House on Sunday, June 5, 1779, and may have stopped here previously as he frequently used the road through the Clove. Headquarters Sloat House Sloatsburg
1781/00/00 George Washington visits Visitor Hanover Tavern Hanover
1781/00/00 The Peace Ball, attended by Washington and his mother, his officers, LaFayette, Rochambeau, Admiral de Gras, and others to celebrate the victory at Yorktown, was held in the assembly room which has since burned Guest Rising Sun Tavern Fredericksburg
1781/00/00 General George Washington stays at the Miller farm in 1781. Patriot Commander In Chief Miller House North White Plains
1781/09/14 Washington and Rochambeau arrive in Williamsburg and prepare for the arrival of the army. According to one witness, "No man ever greeted his mistress with more joy than did Lafayette and Washington greet each other." American Commander in Chief Colonial Williamsburg Williamsburg Leading to the Siege of Yorktown
1781/09/14 Washington and Rochambeau arrive in Williamsburg and prepare for the arrival of the army. According to one witness, "No man ever greeted his mistress with more joy than did Lafayette and Washington greet each other." American Commander in Chief Colonial Williamsburg Williamsburg Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route
1781/10/19 British garrison at Yorktown marches to Surrender Field to lay down their arms. One hour later, the garrison at Gloucester Point surrenders. American Commander in Chief Yorktown Battlefield Yorktown Siege of Yorktown
1781/11/03 Washington leaves Yorktown, moving the Continental army back to winter quarters at Newburgh, New York. French forces remain in Yorktown, Williamsburg and Gloucester Point over the winter. American Commander in Chief Washington's Headquarters City of Newburgh 1781 American Revolution - After Yorktown
1783/05/04 Washington meets with Lieutenant General Sir Guy Carleton to negotiate the British evacuation of New York City and the exchange of prisoners, May 4-8 1783 American Commander in Chief DeWint House Orangetown 1781 American Revolution - After Yorktown
1783/07/00 Washington's lives at the President's House while Congress conviens in Nassau Hall from June to November 1783 American Commander in Chief President's House Princeton Congress of the Confederation
1783/07/21 George Washington visits Crown point. Visitor Fort Crown Point Crown Point
1783/12/04 With Knox at his side, GW says farewell to his officers, "with a heart full of love and gratitude, I now take leave of you. I most devoutly wish that your latter days may be as prosperous and happy as your former ones have been glorious and honorable." American Commander in Chief Fraunces Tavern New York City 1781 American Revolution - After Yorktown
1783/12/23 George Washington resigns his commission as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army before the United States in Congress Assembled. American Commander in Chief Maryland Statehouse Annapolis, MD Congress of the Confederation
1784/04/30 Running late, Washington misses the ceremony, but enjoys himself at the reception and banquet where he stands on the hearth-stone and kisses the pretty girls - as was his wont. Guest Amstel House New Castle Marriage of Ann Van Dyke and Kensey Johns
1784/05/01 Sons of Tammany salute General Washington who was dining with Robert Morris at the latter's country seat, Lemon Hill with music, cheers and cannon fire. Guest Lemon Hill Philadelphia
1785/00/00 Construction begins on the Great Falls Skirting Canal. It was built by the Potomac Company to carry boats around the Great Falls of the Potomac River. President of the Patowmack Company Potomac Canal Historic District Great Falls Park
1787/07/08 Washington, in Philadelphia for the Constitutional Convention, dines with Dr George Logan at Stenton. Guest Stenton Philadelphia
1789/04/14 Secretary of Congress Charles Thomson arrives at Mount Vernon with John Langdon's announcement, Washington writes a formal letter of acceptance. President Mount Vernon Mt Vernon Inauguration of the first President of the United States
1789/04/16 General Washington leaves Mount Vernon and heads to New York City. President Mount Vernon Mt Vernon Inauguration of the first President of the United States
1789/04/30 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States. He was sworn in by Chancellor Robert Livingston on the balcony of Federal Hall (razed). President Federal Hall National Memorial New York City Inauguration of the first President of the United States
1789/04/30 Following his inauguration George Washington walks up Broadway to St Paul's for the service. John Adams and both houses of congress which included future president James Madison and future vice president Elbridge Gerry, also attended. Faith St Paul's Chapel New York City Inauguration of the first President of the United States
1789/04/30 Luncheon to celebrate George Washington's inaugeration Guest of Honor Boxwood Hall Elizabeth Inauguration of the first President of the United States
1789/10/00 George Washington visits Elm House in the fall of 1789 Visitor Nehemiah Royce House Wallingford
1789/10/03 President George Washington issues a proclamation naming Thursday, November 26, 1789, as an official holiday of "sincere and humble thanks." The nation then celebrates its first Thanksgiving under its new Constitution. US President First Thanksgivings
1789/10/15 President Washington stops at Widow Haviland's, writing in his diary: After dinner, through frequent light showers we proceeded to the Tavern of a Mrs Haviland at Rye, who keeps a very neat and decent Inn.... Guest Widow Haviland's Tavern Rye United States of America's First Presidential Tour
1789/10/30 President Washington spends the night at Tracy Mansion as a guest of Jonathan Jackson. He left Newburyport the next morning after a breakfast hosted by Tristam Dalton at his house across the street. Guest Tracy Mansion, Newburyport Public Library Newburyport United States of America's First Presidential Tour
1789/10/31 George Washington enjoys tea with John Langdon in the parlor and listens to music by Langdon's daughter, Elizabeth, who played her spinet piano after a dinner in town. Washington stayed at Brewster's Tavern on 93 Pleasant Street (destroyed by fire 1813). Guest Gov John Langdon Mansion Portsmouth, NH United States of America's First Presidential Tour
1789/11/02 Washington fishes for cod in Portsmouth Harbor, he only caught two fish and blamed it on the tide. Fisherman Portsmouth, NH New Hampshire Cod United States of America's First Presidential Tour
1789/11/03 Washington visits the home of his secretary, Tobias Lear, and Pitt Tavern, known then as Staver's Tavern. Guest Tobias Lear House Portsmouth, NH United States of America's First Presidential Tour
1789/11/12 GW notes in his diary: A little after sunrise we left Marvin's, at Fairfield, and breakfast at Stamford, 13 miles distance, reached the Widow Haviland's, 12 miles further: where on acct of some lame hose, we remained all night. Guest Widow Haviland's Tavern Rye United States of America's First Presidential Tour
1790/00/00 While New York serves as the nation's capital, George Washington attends St Paul's, 1789-1790. Washington's pew remains at St Paul's. Faith St Paul's Chapel New York City
1790/07/10 George Washington and his cabinet (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Henry Knox, and Alexander Hamilton) dine at the Morris-Jumel Mansion. Visitor Morris-Jumel Mansion New York City
1791/00/00 George Washington visits Clifton Plantation and addresses the people of Georgetown. Visitor Arcadia Plantation Georgetown, SC George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/00/00 On his Southern tour of 1791, George Washington is entertained in Salem for two days, occupying the chamber at the northeast corner of the Tavern above the gentlemen's room Visitor Salem Tavern Winston-Salem George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/04/21 President George Washington stays in the Stanly House for two nights, April 20-21. Visitor John Wright Stanly House New Bern George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/01 GW departs Georgetown with artillery salutes from the foot of Broad St. On the opposite shore of Santee Creek Sampit River he is received by the light-infantry company and sails onto the Santee River 12 mi from it. Guest Georgetown Historic District Georgetown, SC George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/01 On Lynchs Island on the Santee River, we breakfasted and dine at Mrs Horry's and lodge at the Plantation of Mr Manigold about 19 mi farther. Visitor Hampton Plantation McClellanville George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/02 Washington Breakfasts at the Country Seat of Gov Pinckney, about 18 mi from our lodging place. Visitor Charles Pinckney National Historic Site Mount Pleasant George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/02 At Haddrels point (Haddrels St), GW is met by Pinckney and Edward Rutledge in a 12 oared barge rowed by 12 American Captains of Ships, most elegantly dressed. A great number of other Boats with Gentlemen, ladies and Music attend GW across to Charleston. Guest Mount Pleasant Historic District Mount Pleasant George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/02 At Prioleau's wharf, GW is met by Gov Pinckney, Lt Gov Isaac Holmes, intendant Arnoldus Vanderhorst, Sen Pierce Butler and Sen Ralph Izard, wardens of Charleston, Cincinnati, a Company of Fusiliers and shouts of joy from a large concourse of citizens. Guest The Vendue Hotel Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/02 Civic dignitaries conduct Washington to the steps at the Exchange where they and members of the city's various professions and handicrafts pass by in procession. Guest The Old Exchange and Provost Dungeon Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/02 GW is brought to his lodging, the home of Thomas Heyward. The house was leased for a week by the city council for 60 pounds and supplied with a housekeeper, servants and a proper stock of liquors, groceries and provisions. Visitor Heyward-Washington House Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/03 GW attends a public diner at the Exchange. He ate beneath a triumphal arch and afterwards heard 15 toasts, accompanied by cannonshots. The day and evening were spent with all the hilarity, harmony and happy festivity, that was suited to the occasion. Guest The Old Exchange and Provost Dungeon Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/04 Washington dines with the Members of the Cincinnati in the long-room of Edward McCrady's tavern. They were entertained by a choir of singers and patriotic toasts punctuated by the guns of the Charleston Battalion of Artillery. Guest McCrady's Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/04 In the evening Washington joins a very elegant dancing Assembly at the Exchange, at which were 256 elegantly dressed and handsome ladies. Guest The Old Exchange and Provost Dungeon Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/05 Washington visits the Works of Fort Johnson on James's Island, and Fort Moultree on Sullivans Island, both of which are in ruins, and scarcely a trace of the latter left-the former quite fallen. Guest Fort Moultrie Sullivan's Island George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/05 Washington visits the Works of Fort Johnson on James's Island, and Fort Moultree on Sullivans Island, both of which are in ruins, and scarcely a trace of the latter left-the former quite fallen. Guest Fort Johnson, Powder Magazine Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/06 Washington Views Charles Town on horse back by riding through most of the principal Streets. Dines at Majr Butlers, and went to a Ball in the evening at the Governors where there was a select company of ladies. Guest Calhoun Mansion Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/08 President George Washington worships on Sunday morning at St Philip's. Faith St Philip's Episcopal Church Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/05/08 President George Washington worships on Sunday afternoon from pew No 43. Originally known as "The Governor's Pew", No 43 is a large, long double-pew in the center of St Michael's Church. Faith St Michael's Episcopal Church Charleston George Washington's Southern Tour
1791/06/00 George Washington visits and stays overnight Visitor Guilford Courthouse National Military Park Greensboro George Washington's Southern Tour
1792/07/00 James Hoban wins competition to design the President's House, The White House. The Central portion of White House built 1792-1800. It was planned and constructed under the personal supervision of President George Washington. Planning and Construction Supervisor The White House Washington, DC
1793/00/00 Funeral of Eliza Pinckney Pallbearer St Peter's Church Philadelphia Funeral of Eliza Pinckney
1793/03/04 George Washington is sworn in for a second term as President of the United States in the Senate Chamber of Congress Hall. US President Congress Hall Philadelphia
1793/09/18 George Washington lays the cornerstone to the United States Capitol building. US President United States Capitol Washington, DC
1793/11/16 President Washington avoids the President's house in central Philadelphia and takes shelter in Isaac Franks' house during the yellow fever epidemic, November 16 to 30. President Germantown 'White House' Philadelphia 1793 Yellow Fever Epidemic
1794/07/00 George Washington visits the Cresap house, he was in Maryland to review troops headed to end the Whiskey Rebellion. President Michael Cresap House Oldtown Whiskey Rebellion
1794/09/00 Washington family stays at the Franks' house during September and October. Visitor Germantown 'White House' Philadelphia
1795/10/00 Rembrandt and Charles W Peale begin painting a portrait of George Washington in the Fall of 1795 Sitter for Painting George Washington 1795 Sitting
1796/00/00 Endows the Liberty Hall Academy with a gift of $20,000 worth of James River Canal stock Benefactor Washington and Lee University Historic District Lexington
1796/00/00 Martha Washington commissions Stuart to paint a pair of portraits of her and her husband for Mount Vernon. These are now called "Athenaeum" portraits because the Boston Athenaeum acquired them after Stuart's death. Subject
1796/04/12 At Stuart's house, Gilbert Stuart begins painting GW, The Lansdowne portrait, for Senator William Bingham. Washington said his agreeable expression was due to the conversations he had with Harriet Chew during the sittings. Sitter George Washington (Lansdowne)
1798/00/00 George Washington enlarges Mount Vernon into a 21 room mansion, 1754 to 1798 Architect Mount Vernon Mt Vernon
1798/02/00 George Washington celebrates his birthday at Gadsby's Tavern, the second annual Birthnight Ball hosted by John Gadsby. Guest of Honor Panel from the Ballroom at Gadsby's Tavern, Alexandria, Virginia Metropolitan Museum of Art George Washington's Birthday
1798/02/00 George Washington celebrates his birthday at Gadsby's Tavern, the second annual Birthnight Ball hosted by John Gadsby. Guest of Honor Gadsby's Tavern Alexandria George Washington's Birthday
1799/00/00 George Washington visits with John Wise. Visitor Lloyd House Alexandria
1799/02/22 Nelly Custis marries Lawrence Lewis, the land at Woodlawn was a wedding gift from George Washington Benefactor Woodlawn Plantation Mt Vernon
1799/12/00 Washington's distillery produces nearly 11,000 gallons of whiskey. Valued at over $7,500, he sold it to over 80 customers. Whiskey will prove to be Washington's most profitable business venture. Apple, peach and persimmon brandies were also made. Owner George Washington's Distillery and Gristmill Mt Vernon Rye Whiskey
1799/12/14 Attended by his wife who sat at the foot of the bed, Dr Craik and Tobias Lear, housemaids Caroline, Molly and Charlotte, and his valet Christopher Sheels, George Washington dies of acute epiglottitis in his bedchamber at Mount Vernon. Died Mount Vernon Mt Vernon Death of George Washington
1799/12/18 George Washington is interred in a private manner, without parade, or funeral Oration during a Masonic burial at Mount Vernon. Memoriam Mount Vernon Mt Vernon Death of George Washington
1827/07/04 First monument dedicated to George Washington Memorial Washington Monument Boonsboro

History

George Washington, first president of the United States, earned the epithet Father of His Country for his great leadership, both in the fight for independence and in unifying the new nation under a central government. Washington was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, and worked as a surveyor in his youth. In 1752 he inherited a family estate, Mount Vernon, upon the death of a half brother, Lawrence. Washington's military career began in 1753, when he accepted an appointment to carry a warning to French forces who had pushed into British territory in the Ohio valley. In subsequent military assignments, Washington distinguished himself against the French, first while aiding General Edward Braddock and later as commander-in-chief of all Virginia militia.

In 1758 Washington returned to civilian life as a gentleman-farmer at Mount Vernon and soon took a seat in the Virginia house of burgesses. As a planter, Washington had firsthand knowledge of the economic restrictions being imposed by Britain, and as a Virginia legislator, he supported political efforts to curtail British control of the colonies. Washington was selected to serve as a delegate to the first and second Continental Congresses, and in June 1775 he was chosen to command the American forces. He successfully led the Continental army through eight difficult years of war for independence.

In 1783, after the Revolution, Washington resigned his military commission to Congress at Annapolis, Maryland. Recognizing the need for a strong central government, he served as president of the federal convention charged with drafting the Constitution. Reluctantly, he accepted the will of his colleagues to become president of the new nation, and he was inaugurated in New York City on April 30, 1789. Contending with the ideological struggles within the government, and with hostilities between France and Great Britain, Washington greatly feared the growth of political parties and the dangers of foreign involvement. These issues impelled him to serve a second term as president.

His attempts to solve foreign relations issues during his second term resulted in Jay's Treaty (1794), a vain attempt to regulate trade and settle boundary disputes with Great Britain, and the Pinckney Treaty (1795), which successfully settled such issues with Spain. Washington also acted vigorously to enforce federal authority by quashing the Whiskey Rebellion, during which liquor producers in western Pennsylvania threatened the new republic by rebelling against an unpopular excise tax on whiskey.

Washington's 1796 Farewell Address to the nation emphasized the need for a unified federal government and warned against party faction and foreign influence. Although often subjected to harsh criticism by his contemporaries, Washington succeeded in giving the new government dignity. He saw a federal financial system firmly established through the efforts of Alexander Hamilton, and he set valuable precedents in the conduct of the executive office. Washington retired to Mount Vernon, where he died on December 14, 1799. - US Senate

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