American Institute of Architects

  • Acronym: AIA
  • American

On 23 February 1857, thirteen architects gathered at Richard Upjohn's New York City office to establish an architectural society that would promote the scientific and practical perfection of its members and elevate the standing of the profession, naming it the New York Society of Architects. The assembly included H W Cleaveland, Henry Dudley, Leopold Eidlitz, Edward Gardiner, Richard Morris Hunt, J Wrey Mould, Fred A Petersen, John W Priest, John Welch, Joseph C Wells, Richard Upjohn's son, Richard, and son-in-law, Charles Babcock. In 1857, no significant schools of architecture or architectural licensing laws existed, so anyone who built, such as bricklayers, carpenters, masons, carpenters could call themselves an architect.

One result of this meeting, was to invite 16 other architects, including A J Davis, Thomas U Walter and Calvert Vaux, to a second meeting, to be held on 10 March 1857. At the second meeting the draft constitution and bylaws were read and accepted by the architects without changes, except one, at the suggestion Thomas U Walter, the group changed their name to The American Institute of Architects. - AsNotedIn

Notable Position Person From To
Founding Member Joseph Collins Wells 1857
President William S Eames 1904
New York Chapter President Henry Rutgers Marshall 1902 1904
Member Ammi B Young 1857
Member Edward Clarke Cabot 1857
Member John Davis Hatch III 1857
Member Frederick Diaper 1857
Member Frederick Clarke Withers 1857
Member John Notman 1857
Member Alexander Jackson Davis 1857
Member Calvert Vaux 1857
Founding Member Charles Babcock 1857
Founding Member Henry C Dudley 1857
Founding Member John Welch 1857
Founding Member Edward Gardiner 1857
Founding Member John Weller Priest 1857
Founding Member Fred A Petersen 1857
Founding Member Jacob Wrey Mould 1857
Founding Member Richard Morris Hunt 1857
Founding Member Leopold Eidlitz 1857
Founding Member Henry W Cleaveland 1857
Founding Member Richard M Upjohn 1857
Founding Member Richard Upjohn 1857
Member Thomas Ustick Walter 1857


Y/M/D Description Association Composition Place Locale Food Event
Y/M/D Description Association Composition Place Locale Food Event
1857/02/23 Thirteen architects meet in Richard Upjohn's office to establish what will become the American Institute of Architects. Established
1857/03/10 American Institute of Architects meets a second time
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