John Brown (Cherokee)

  • American

John Brown was one of the most influential and wealthy members of the Cherokee Nation before its removal to the West in 1838. As was true of many Cherokee leaders of this time, Brown was the son of a full-blooded Cherokee woman and a Scotch trader who had lived among the Indians. Some historians believe Brown was a brother of Elizabeth Ross, the first wife of the famous Cherokee chief, John Ross. This has not been proven. Brown was closely associated with Ross as one of the political leaders of the Cherokee Nation, both in Tennessee and Georgia, and later in Oklahoma. - NRHP


Y/M/D Description Association Composition Place Locale Food Event
Y/M/D Description Association Composition Place Locale Food Event
1819/02/27 Cherokees negotiators, including Chief John Brown, give up all their lands, almost 4 million acres, in East Tennessee north of the Tennessee River in exchange for new territory. Cherokee Chief Trail of Tears
1828/00/00 John Brown settles in the Long Savannah neighborhood about 7 mi north of Ooltewah and builds his house, c 1828, and definitely by 1835 when it was known to be standing. Home Brown House Ooltewah
1835/00/00 The Cherokee census of 1835 shows that Brown, one of the wealthiest of the Cherokees, has 100 acres of land under cultivation in Hamilton County, and that he owned 28 slaves. Owner Brown House Ooltewah Slavery In America
1838/04/00 John Brown, vice president of the National Council, and John Ross, work as members of the committee to make with Gen Winfield Scott all arrangements necessary for the removal of the Cherokees west of the Mississippi. Architect New Echota Calhoun Trail of Tears
1839/04/22 John Brown, formerly judge of the Chickamauga District of the Cherokee Nation East, is elected Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation West. Work
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