Santa Fe National Historic Trail



The Great Prairie Highway

You can almost hear the whoops and cries of "All's set!" as trail hands hitched their oxen to freight wagons carrying cargo between western Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. Follow the Santa Fe National Historic Trail through five states and you'll find adventure and evidence of past travelers who made this remarkable trip before you! - NPS

Works

CompositionKindCreatorAsNotedIn
CompositionKindCreatorAsNotedIn
Blood and Thunder: The Epic Story of Kit Carson and the Conquest of the American West (book) Book


Places

PlaceLocaleTypeAsNotedIn
El Vado de las Piedras and the Santa Fe Trail-Colfax County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Six Mile Creek Stage Station Historic District
  • NRHP
Las Vegas Plaza
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Trail - Rice County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Trail-Minor Park, Kansas City, Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Trail - Douglas County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Glorieta Pass
Mountain Pass
Santa Fe Road - Independence Trail Segments
  • PRHP
Pecos National Historical Park
Lewis Jones House
  • NRHP
Barrio de Analco Historic District
Hunt, Samuel, Grave
  • NRHP
Point of Rocks Historic District
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Historic District
  • NRHP
Station Little Arkansas
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Trail-Saline County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Arrow Rock Ferry
Arrow Rock State Historic Site Historic District
Santa Fe Trail - Santa Fe Trail Park, Independence Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Cold Spring and Inscription Rock Historic District
  • NRHP
Owens-McCoy House
  • NRHP
Fort Union National Monument
Fitzhugh-Watts' Mill
Ocate Creek Crossing and the Santa Fe Trail-Mora County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Trail - San Miguel County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Santa Fe Trail - Marion County Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Fort Marcy Ruins
  • NRHP
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site
Santa Fe Trail-Grand Pass Trail Segments
  • NRHP
Autograph Rock Historic District
  • NRHP
Blue Mills
  • NRHP
Fort Marcy Officer's Residence
  • NRHP
Smallwood V Noland House
  • NRHP
Clifton House Site
  • NRHP

People

Last Name Name AsNotedIn
Vrain: Ceran St Vrain
Bent: Charles Bent
Carson: Kit Carson
Price: Sterling Price
Bent: William Bent

Data »

Data
Theme group category: Routes
Transportation: Stagecoach
Route type: Trail Route

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History

Between 1821 and 1880, the Santa Fe Trail was primarily a commercial highway connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico. From 1821 until 1846, it was an international commercial highway used by Mexican and American traders. In 1846, the Mexican-American War began. The Army of the West followed the Santa Fe Trail to invade New Mexico. When the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war in 1848, the Santa Fe Trail became a national road connecting the United States to the new southwest territories. Commercial freighting along the trail continued, including considerable military freight hauling to supply the southwestern forts. The trail was also used by stagecoach lines, thousands of gold seekers heading to the California and Colorado gold fields, adventurers, fur trappers, and emigrants. In 1880 the railroad reached Santa Fe and the trail faded into history. - NPS

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