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Marshall Islands

  • Vicinity: Western Pacific
  • Official Name: Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • Type: Nation
  • Capital: Majuro

Marshall Islands may be best known for the US nuclear testing on some of the northern atolls between 1947 and 1962, especially on Bikini Atoll. The US military presence continues in the islands at US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site.

Beginning in 1947, the Marshall Islands were part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), a United Nations Trust Territory administered by the United States of America (US), ultimately attaining independence on October 21, 1986. During this trusteeship, places of historic interest where placed on the US National Registry of Historic Places. - AsNotedIn

Bikini Island Island
Kwajalein Island Island
Likiep Island Island
Marshall Islands War Memorial Park site
  • NRHP
Roi-Namur Island Island

Geography »


The Marshall Islands consist of two archipelagos comprised of five islands and 29 atolls. The Ratak (Sunrise) Chain contains Mejit Island, Jemo Island and 14 atolls. The Ralik (Sunset) Chain is made of Lit Island, Jabat Island, Kili Island and 15 atolls. - AsNotedIn

Physiographic Data
Highest Point: Mean height above sea level: 7 m
Lowest Point: Pacific Ocean: 0 m
Area: 181 sq km
Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Ralik Archipelago
Ratak Archipelago

Information »


The Marshall Islands is a parliamentary democracy, and its close relationship with the United States is reflected in the Compact of Free Association that binds our two nations. The RMI has a developing agrarian and service-oriented economy. Limited tourist facilities exist, including three major hotels in Majuro, while most other areas have limited guest quarters. - US State Department, 12 April 2013


The Republic of the Marshall Islands uses US dollars. The two ATMs on Majuro can be found at the Bank of Guam and at Robert Reimers Resort. A few hotels and restaurants accept Visa, MasterCard, and American Express credit cards. Most transactions are cash only. - US State Department, 12 April 2013


Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Marshall Islands:
Locale Type Nation

Currency: US Dollar
Demonym: Marshallese
Government: Democratic Republic
Population: 61300

Vicinage »

Bikini Atoll Municipality
Kwajalein Atoll Municipality
Likiep Atoll Municipality
Majuro Municipality

Map »

Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands

History »

After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll (USAKA) Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network. - The World Factbook

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