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Ashmore and Cartier Islands Archipelago
Australian Capital Territory Australian Territory
Ball's Pyramid Island
Christmas Island Island
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Archipelago
Coral Sea Islands Archipelago
Heard And McDonald Islands Archipelago
Lord Howe Island Island
New South Wales Australian State
Norfolk Island Island
Northern Territory Australian Territory
Queensland Australian State
South Australia Australian State
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Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean - The World Factbook

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Particulars for Australia:
Locale Type Nation

Demonym: Australian
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 11

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History »

Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include ageing of the population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as frequent droughts. - The World Factbook

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