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Costa Rica
Area de Conservacion Guanacaste Natural Environ
Barra Honda Caves Natural Cave
Cartago City
Chachagua Rainforest Hotel and Hacienda Upscale Lodging
Cocos Island National Park Island
Corcovado National Park Natural Environ
Manuel Antonio National Park Natural Environ
Mount Chirripo
Peace Waterfall
Playa Ostional
Poas Volcano
Sand Dune Volcano
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves, La Amistad National Park Natural Environ
Turtle National Park
Venado Caves Natural Cave

Eat and Drink »

Gallo Pinto Traditional dish of rice and black beans
Puerto Rican Salchichon Meat Sausage

Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Mount Chirripo

Information »


Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Costa Rica:
Food Attribute Costa Rican Food
Locale Type Nation

Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 47

History »

Although explored by the Spanish early in the 16th century, initial attempts at colonizing Costa Rica proved unsuccessful due to a combination of factors, including: disease from mosquito-infested swamps, brutal heat, resistance by natives, and pirate raids. It was not until 1563 that a permanent settlement of Cartago was established in the cooler, fertile central highlands. The area remained a colony for some two and a half centuries. In 1821, Costa Rica became one of several Central American provinces that jointly declared their independence from Spain. Two years later it joined the United Provinces of Central America, but this federation disintegrated in 1838, at which time Costa Rica proclaimed its sovereignty and independence. Since the late 19th century, only two brief periods of violence have marred the country's democratic development. In 1949, Costa Rica dissolved its armed forces. Although it still maintains a large agricultural sector, Costa Rica has expanded its economy to include strong technology and tourism industries. The standard of living is relatively high. Land ownership is widespread. - The World Factbook

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