• Vicinity: South Pacific
  • Official Name: Republic of Nauru
  • Type: Nation
  • Capital: No official capital government offices are in Yaren

Nauru is a small island nation in the South Pacific surrounded by coral reefs and plenty of deep ocean water. It offers sandy beaches, deep sea fishing, scuba diving and unique geology.

Once, one of the world's richest nations per capita, Nauru is now one of the poorest. It became wealthy from exporting phosphate; an inorganic chemical from fossilized guano (sea bird excrement, used as fertilizer). In the mid-1900s they had one of the world's highest per capita incomes; by the millennium, the phosphate had run out, and the Nauruan economy crashed. In 2004 unemployment reached 90%.

Currently, there are no entries in our database for Nauru. - AsNotedIn

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Geography »


Nauru boast sandy beaches and a narrow fertile ring around a phosphate plateau. the island is surrounded by coral reefs and deep ocean water. - AsNotedIn

Physiographic Data
Highest Point: Unnamed plateau: 61 m
Lowest Point: Pacific Ocean: 0 m
Area: 21 sq km

Information »


Nauru, a small single-island nation in the South Pacific, is located about 25 miles south of the equator. It is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary system of government. Tourist facilities are available on a limited basis. Yaren, the capital, has an international airport. - US State Department, March 08, 2013


In Nauru, the Australian dollar is the legal currency. Travelers' checks and all major currencies are accepted by banks and may be exchanged for local currency at some local hotels. Credit card services on the island are limited to non-existent. - US State Department, March 8, 2013


Island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands - The World Factbook


Ethnic groups: Nauruan 93%, Chinese 5%, other Pacific Islander 1%, European 1%. Religions: Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic).

Data »

Particulars for Nauru:
Locale Type Nation

Currency: Australian dollar (A$)
Demonym: Nauruan
Government: Republic
Population: 10185

Map »



History »

The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic. - The World Factbook

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