Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Lower Silesian Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Lublin Voivodeship Voivodeship
Lubusz Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Malopolska Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Masovian Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Podkarpackie Voivodeship Voivodeship
Podlaskie Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship
Silesian Voivodeship Voivodeship
Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, PL Voivodeship

Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Beskids Mountain System
Bialowieza Forest Forest
Carpathian Mountains Mountain Range
Central Beskids Mountain System
Polonynian Beskids Mountain System
Tatra Mountains Mountain Range
Western Beskids Mountain System
Western Carpathians Physiographic Section

Information »


Central Europe, east of Germany - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Poland:
Locale Type Nation

Demonym: Polish
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 35

History »

Poland's history as a state begins near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in central and eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force with over ten million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the Communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations. - The World Factbook

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