• Also Known As: Turkey

  • Type: Nation
  • Capital: Ankara



Archaeological Park

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Ankara Metropolis
Bergama City
Bogazkale Village
Caves of the Taurus Mountains Natural Cave
City of Safranbolu, TR Town
Didim, TR Town
Divrigi Town
Eceabat, TR Town
Edirne, TR City
Gaziantep City
Goreme Town
Goreme National Park
Istanbul City
Karapinar Crater Lakes
Kars, TR City
Kaymakli Town
Kayseri, TR Metropolis
Konya City
Mediterranean Region, Turkiye Geographical Region of Turkiye
Mount Ararat Mountain
Nemrut Dag
Neolithic Site of catalhoyuk
Pamukkale Springs
Saklikent Gorge Canyon, Gorge
Selcuk Town
Tevfikiye, TR Village
Uchisar Town
Valla Canyon Canyon, Gorge

Geography »

Physiographic FeaturesTypeAsNotedIn
Anatolia Physiographic Province
Caves of the Taurus Mountains Natural Cave
Karapinar Crater Lakes
Mount Ararat Mountain
Zagros Mountains Mountain Range

Information »


Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (portion west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria - The World Factbook

Data »

Particulars for Turkiye:
Locale Type Nation

Demonym: Turkish
Corruption Perceptions Index - 2014, Transparency International: 64

History »

Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or "Father of the Turks." Under his authoritarian leadership, the country adopted wide-ranging social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democratic Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and intermittent military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster - popularly dubbed a "post-modern coup" - of the then Islamic-oriented government. Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - now known as the Kurdistan People's Congress or Kongra-Gel (KGK) - has dominated the Turkish military's attention and claimed more than 30,000 lives. After the capture of the group's leader in 1999, the insurgents largely withdrew from Turkey mainly to northern Iraq. In 2004, KGK announced an end to its ceasefire and attacks attributed to the KGK increased. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1964, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community. Over the past decade, it has undertaken many reforms to strengthen its democracy and economy; it began accession membership talks with the European Union in 2005. - The World Factbook

Creative Works »

A Rose from Homer's Grave (short story) Short Story
Hans Christian Andersen Not far from Smyrna, where the merchant drives his loaded camels, proudly arching their long necks as they journey beneath the lofty pines over holy ground, I saw a hedge of roses.
Gallipoli Film Peter Weir Mel Gibson "Gallipoli" is set on the Anzac battlefield at Gallipoli, Battle of the Nek, 7 August 1915
Journey into Fear (book) Novel
Eric Ambler
Life is a Caravanserai Book Emine Ozdamar
On the Quai at Smyrna (Short Story) Short Story
Ernest Hemingway "On the Quai at Smyrna" is set in Smyrna, Izmir Province, Turkey during the aftermath of the Greco-Turkish War.
Skyfall Film "Skyfall" was filmed on the Varda Viaduct, Hacikiri (Kiralan) village in Karaisali district of Adana Province, southern Turkey
Snow Book Orhan Pamuk

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