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The Greenbrier

  • Also Known As: White Sulpher Springs also The Old White

  • Address: 300 W Main Street
  • Vicinity: Off US 60
  • Phone: 855-453-4858
  • Travel Genus: Lodging , Sight
  • Sight Category: Historic District
  • Lodging category: Upscale Lodging

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The Greenbrier


Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1778/00/00 Follow the local Native American tradition, colonist begin to "take the waters" to restore their health. By the 19th century, visitors drank and bathed in the sulphur water to cure everything from rheumatism to an upset stomach.
1832/00/00 John H B Latrobe Architect John Latrobe designs the Baltimore Row cottages
1838/08/18 Martin Van Buren Visitor President Martin Van Buren vacations at what is now the Presidents Cottage Museum at The Greenbrier.
1858/00/00 The Grand Central Hotel is built, known as "The White" and later "The Old White".
1861/00/00 The Grand Central Hotel closes during the Civil War, 1861-1865. During the conflict, both sides occupy the grounds, using the hotel either as a hospital or military headquarters.
1865/00/00 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Shortly after the war's end, Grand Central Hotel reopens and the resort's prospects are incalculably improved with the completion of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway in 1873.
1867/00/00 Robert E Lee Visitor Lee family vacations 3 summers in Baltimore Row cottages at The Greenbrier
1888/00/00 Irene Langhorne Gibson Life The Langhornes spend their first summer at the Grand Central Hotel at White Sulphur Springs, enjoying dances, dinners, picnics and other outings among the region's elite.
1910/00/00 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Owner The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway purchase the Grand Central Hotel resort and embark on a major expansion.
1913/00/00 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Developer Chesapeake and Ohio builds the Greenbrier Hotel (central section of today's hotel), the Mineral Bath Department (building includes the grand Indoor Pool), and an 18-hole golf course (The Old White Course) designed by golf architect, Charles Macdonald.
1914/04/00 Charles B Macdonald Golf Course Architect President Woodrow Wilson is one of the first golfers to play The Old White TPC at the Greenbrier.
1914/04/00 Woodrow Wilson Sport President Woodrow Wilson is one of the first golfers to play The Old White TPC at the Greenbrier.
1914/04/00 Woodrow Wilson Visitor President and Mrs Woodrow Wilson spend their Easter holiday at The Greenbrier.
1914/10/07 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Bride Rose Fitzgerald marries Joseph Kennedy, they honeymooned at the Greenbrier
1914/10/07 Joseph P Kennedy Groom Rose Fitzgerald marries Joseph Kennedy, they honeymooned at the Greenbrier
1922/00/00 The obsolete Old White Hotel is demolished.
1930/00/00 Phillip Small Architect The Greenbrier Hotel is rebuilt, doubling the number of guest rooms to five hundred. Cleveland architect Philip Small redesigns the hotel's Main Entrance and adds both the Mount Vernon-inspired Virginia Wing and the signature North Entrance facade.
1941/00/00 US State Department leases the Greenbrier for seven months after the US entry into WWII. Hundreds of German, Japanese and Italian diplomats and their families are moved from Washington DC, until their exchange for US diplomats similarly stranded overseas.
1942/09/00 The US Army purchases and converts the hotel into a 2,000 bed hospital known as Ashford General Hospital. Over the course of four years, 24,148 soldiers are admitted and treated at the surgical and rehabilitation center.
1948/00/00 The Greenbrier reopens in 1948.Sam Snead returns as golf pro to the resort where his career began in the late 1930s. More than any other individual Sam Snead establishes The Greenbrier's reputation as one of the world's foremost golf destinations.
1955/00/00 Codenamed Project Greek Island, the US government builds the Emergency Relocation Center, 112000 square foot underground fallout shelter to be used by the US Congress in case of war under the West Virginia Wing of the Greenbrier.
1960/00/00 Dorothy Draper retires in the 1960s and her protege, Carleton Varney, buys her firm. He and continues today as The Greenbrier's decorating consultant.
1978/00/00 Jack Nicklaus Golf Course Architect Jack Nicklaus redesigns the then fifty-year-old Greenbrier Course, bringing it up to championship standards for the 1979 Ryder Cup Matches. That course was also the site of three PGA Seniors tournaments in the 1980s and the 1994 Solheim Cup competition.
1992/00/00 At the end of the Cold War, and prompted by exposure in the press, Project Greek Island is terminated and the bunker decommissioned.
1999/00/00 The Meadows Course evolves when Bob Cupp redesigns, reroutes, and upgrades the older Lakeside Course, a project that includes the creation a new Golf Academy.
2000/00/00 The Greenbrier Sporting Club begins developing select portions of the resort's 6,500 acres into neighborhoods of custom-designed homes featuring panoramic views of the surrounding Allegheny Mountains.
2004/00/00 The new infinity edge outdoor pool opens, offering a spectacular view of the Allegheny Mountains.
2006/00/00 Lester George Golf Course Architect Golf course architect Lester George creates a challenging new version of the Old White Course based upon a historic restoration inspired by the original C B Macdonald design.
2009/05/07 West Virginia entrepreneur, Jim Justice, buys The Greenbrier from the CSX Corporation, a predecessor of the Chessie System and the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway.
2010/07/02 Dorothy Draper Casino Club at The Greenbrier opens. Carleton Varney extend the legendary "High Style of Dorothy Draper" throughout the new entertainment venue.
2011/03/28 The Old White becomes a Tournament Players Club (TPC) Network course.
2014/07/00 The New Orleans Saints move their Training Camp to The Greenbrier.

Data »

Particulars for The Greenbrier:
Area of Significance Architecture
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Entertainment - Recreation
Architectural Style Federal Style
Historic Use Health care resort
Sight Category Historic District
Criteria Historic Event
Historic Use Hotel
Area of Significance Landscape Architecture
Area of Significance Military
Level of Significance National
Architectural Style Neoclassical
Criteria Person
Area of Significance Politics-government
Owner Private
Occupation Attribute US President

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 74002000
Resource Type:
Owner: Private
Architect: Latrobe,John H.B.; et al.
Architectural Style: Classical revival, Federal
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Landscape architecture, Military, Entertainment-recreation, Politics-government, Architecture
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering, Person
Period of Significance: 1900-1924, 1875-1899, 1825-1849, 1850-1874, 1800-1824, 1925-1949
Significant Year: c 1820, 1858, 1923
Associated People: Van Buren,Martin,et al.
Historic Function: Domestic, Health care
Historic Sub-Function: Hotel, Resort
Current Function: Domestic, Health care
Current Sub-Function: Institutional housing Resort

Accommodations »

Lodging Attribute Grand Hotel
Lodging Style Hotel
Lodging category Upscale Lodging

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