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Fort Davis National Historic Site


  • Vicinity: Jct of TX 17 and 118
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Site

A Frontier Post

Fort Davis is one of the best surviving examples of an Indian Wars' frontier military post in the Southwest. From 1854 to 1891, Fort Davis was strategically located to protect emigrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons on the Trans-Pecos portion of the San Antonio-El Paso Road and on the Chihuahua Trail. - NPS


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Timeline

Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
1854/10/23 General Persifor F Smith, in command of the Department of Texas, issues the order officially establishing Fort Davis. Smith, who had personally selected the site, named it in honor of the Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis.
1862/02/00 Confederate Second Texas Mounted Rifles occupy Fort Davis and function as a crucial supply depot for General Henry H Sibley's New Mexico Campaign. Confederate stayed at the post for a little over a year. Henry H Sibley's New Mexico Campaign
1867/06/00 Wesley Merritt Architect Lt Colonel Wesley Merritt arrives with four companies of the 9th US Cavalry, composed of black soldiers, to rebuild Fort Davis
1867/06/00 9th Cavalry Regiment, US Army Duty Lt Colonel Wesley Merritt arrives with four companies of the 9th US Cavalry, composed of black soldiers, to rebuild Fort Davis

Data »

Particulars for Fort Davis National Historic Site:
Criteria Architecture-Engineering
Area of Significance Exploration-settlement
Owner Federal
Structure Type Fortification
Criteria Historic Event
Area of Significance Military
Level of Significance National
Sight Category Site



US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

PLACE DETAILS
Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 66000045
Resource Type:
Owner: Federal
Architect: Merritt,Lt. Col. Wesley
Other Certification: Designated unit of the National Park Service, Additional documentation, Designated National Landmark
Nominator Name: National Historic Site
CULTURAL DETAILS
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Military, Exploration-settlement
Applicable Criteria: Event, Architecture-Engineering
Period of Significance: 1875-1899, 1850-1874
Significant Year: 1854, 1885
Historic Function: Defense
Historic Sub-Function: Fortification
Current Function: Landscape
Current Sub-Function: Park

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