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Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site

  • Also Known As: Monks Mounds

  • Address: 7850 Collinsville Rd
  • Travel Genus: Sight
  • Sight Category: Site

The Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site preserves the earthen platforms of a pre-Columbian city in modern Collinsville, Illinois, including the 30-m-high Monks Mound, the largest prehistoric earthwork in the Americas. The site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982 because it is a striking example of a complex chiefdom society, with many satellite mound centres and numerous outlying hamlets and villages. Also, as this largest pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico is the pre-eminent example of a cultural, religious and economic centre of the Mississippian culture (800-1350), which extended throughout the Mississippi Valley and the south-eastern United States. - AsNotedIn



Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
Y/M/D Person Association Description Composition Food Event
0700/00/00 Small settlements of Late Woodland people are established in the Cahokia area
0800/00/00 Mississippian Culture develops from Late Woodland people.
0900/00/00 Corn becomes a major food crop, pit homes develop around courtyards with central post and pits
1000/00/00 Complex chiefdoms form and the population increases dramatically at Cahokia
1100/00/00 The Golden Age of Cahokia, 1100 - 1200, may have reached a population of 20,000
1375/00/00 Cahokia is slowly abandoned in the late 1300s
1600/00/00 Indians of the Illiniwek confederacy, including the Cahokia, establish themselves at Cahokia, early 1600s
1750/00/00 Cahokia tribe members live on Monks Mound for approximately 20 years in the mid 1700s

Data »

Particulars for Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site:
Cultural Affiliation Cahokia Mound Complex
Historic Use Ceremonial site
Historic Use Graves, burials
Criteria Information Potential
Cultural Affiliation Late Woodland 300 AD - AD 1100
Cultural Affiliation Mississippian
Earthen Mound Style Mound Group
Level of Significance National
Earthen Mound Style Platform Mound
Area of Significance Prehistoric
Owner Private
Sight Category Site
Owner State
Historic Use Village site

US National Registry of Historic Places Data »

Accurate at time of registration:

Registry Name:
Registry Address:
Registry Number: 66000899
Resource Type:
Owner: Private, State
Other Certification: Designated National Landmark, National Landmark boundary approved
Nominator Name: National Historic Landmark
Level of Significance: National
Area of Significance: Prehistoric
Applicable Criteria: Information Potential
Cultural Affiliation: Mississippian
Period of Significance: 1499-1000 AD, 1000-500 AD
Historic Function: Domestic, Religion, Funerary
Historic Sub-Function: Village site, Ceremonial site, Graves, burials
Current Function: Landscape
Current Sub-Function: Park

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